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Office: Encina Hall C100
Mail Code: 94305-6055
Phone: (650) 725-9075
Email: internationalpolicy@stanford.edu
Web Site: https://fsi.stanford.edu/masters-degree

Courses offered by the Ford Dorsey Master's in International Policy are listed under the subject code INTLPOL on the Stanford Bulletin's ExploreCourses web site.

Mission

The Ford Dorsey Master's in International Policy (MIP), is an interdisciplinary program devoted to rigorous analysis of international policy issues in diplomacy, governance, cyber and international security, global health, and environmental policy. The program is designed to integrate perspectives from political science, law, economics, history, and other disciplines, while also incorporating research opportunities and a focus on implementation and administration of solutions addressing global problems. The MIP program combines a scholarly focus with practical training designed to prepare students for careers in public service and other settings where they can have an impact on international issues.

The program allows students to specialize in cyber policy and security; energy, natural resources, and the environment; global health; governance and development; or international security. Established in 1982, and subsequently renamed as the Ford Dorsey Program in International Policy Studies (IPS) in 2007, the program has been redesigned in 2018. 

University requirements for the M.A. degree are described in the "Graduate Degrees" section of this bulletin.

Learning Outcomes (Graduate)

The purpose of the master's program is to help students develop knowledge and skills in preparation for professional careers in international policy and related fields. This is achieved through completion of required courses in the core curriculum and area of specialization, elective courses in primary and related areas, and the capstone practicum course. Students are also encouraged to gain experience through a summer internship and research skills through assistantships with Stanford faculty. Graduates from the Master of Arts in International Policy will demonstrate an advanced understanding of international issues pertaining to governance, security, diplomacy, and other related areas, and will have a depth of knowledge in interpreting and analyzing qualitative and quantitative data.

Admission

To apply, or for information on graduate admission, see the Office of Graduate Admissions website. Applications for admission in Autumn Quarter must be filed with supporting credentials by 11:59 pm on Tuesday, January 8, 2019. 

Prerequisite Course Work

The MIP program does not require the completion of any prerequisite courses prior to matriculation. However, it is strongly recommended to complete, at minimum, introductory courses in microeconomics, macroeconomics, and statistics. An understanding of calculus may also be useful in preparation for the Research Methods course sequence.

Application Materials

In addition to the web-based application, applicants must submit the following materials:

  • Statement of purpose on relevant personal, academic, and career plans and goals
  • Official transcripts (two original sets, which are mailed to the MIP program office, and one scanned copy electronically uploaded to the online application)
    • Stanford students, and alumni with an active SUNetID and password, may request an official eTranscript to be sent from Stanford University and automatically deposited into the application; in this case, hard copies are not required.
  • Three letters of recommendation
  • Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores
  • Academic writing sample (written in English, 7-15 pages in length, and double-spaced)
  • Resume or curriculum vitae
  • TOEFL scores (only required of applicants who are non-native English speakers and who did not attend undergraduate institutions where English is the language of instruction; please see Graduate Admissions for additional information)

Applicants are expected to have a B.A. or B.S. degree from an accredited school.

Applicants should plan to review the Admissions section of the MIP website as well as the Frequently Asked Questions.

Master of Arts in International Policy

University requirements for the master's degree are described in the "Graduate Degrees" section of this bulletin.

(The Master of Arts in International Policy program is referred to below as the "MIP".)

Degree Requirements

To earn the M.A. in International Policy, students matriculating in Autumn Quarter 2018 must complete the courses listed in the curriculum below. These requirements include:

  • Core courses 35 units
  • Area of specialization 20 units; including:
  • Capstone course 9 units
  • Electives 16 units

The minimum number of units required to graduate is 80.  

Core courses Students must enroll in all core courses in their first year at MIP.

Area of Specialization See Area of Specialization section below.

Capstone — Students must enroll in the Practicum course for two quarters in their second year.

Electives—Students must submit an explanatory memo to the program's academic services office detailing their choice of courses for the 16 units of elective courses by the end of Winter Quarter in Year 2. These courses must be related to international policy, broadly understood. Students may choose to: take additional courses in their area of specialization; build their own sub-specialization (e.g., area studies, computational social science certificate); enroll in language courses; or, minor in another program specialization.

Students who matriculated in Autumn Quarter of a previous year should review their degree requirements by visiting the University's Archived Bulletins. Such students may also elect to change to the new International Policy degree program.

Curriculum

Units
Core Courses35
INTLPOL 300Policy Seminar for MIP (3 units in total)1
INTLPOL 300SLeading Effective Teams (3 units in total)1-2
INTLPOL 301AResearch Methods and Policy Applications I5
INTLPOL 301BResearch Methods and Policy Applications II5
INTLPOL 302The Global Economy5
INTLPOL 305International Relations Theory and Practice in the 21st Century5
INTLPOL 306Decision Making in U.S. Foreign Policy5
INTLPOL 307Leadership and Implementation3-4
Area of Specialization20
Two required courses
Three elective courses from an approved list
Practicum9
INTLPOL 310Engineering Policy Change (x2)4
INTLPOL 310APracticum Field Research1
Electives16
International Policy related courses, mostly taken in year 2
Total Units80

Area of Specialization Curriculum

Students are required to choose one area of specialization from the list below and complete at least five courses within the specialization for a minimum of 20 total units. Each area of specialization has two required courses, which must be taken during the first year and prior to enrolling in subsequent courses, except when unfeasible due to core courses scheduling conflicts. Additionally, each area of specialization has a list of approved elective courses, which can be found under the Specialization Courses tab of this page. At least three additional courses must be taken from this list.

Area of Specialization Requirements:
  1. Students must select an area of specialization during Autumn Quarter of their first year of the program. Changes to a student's area of specialization may be allowed, with permission from the academic services team, through the end of the first academic year.
  2. Students must complete the two required courses within the area of concentration, and at least three courses from a list of approved electives for a minimum total of 20 units.  
  3. All course work must be taken for a letter grade.  
Area of Specialization Required Courses:
Units
Cyber Policy and Security
INTLPOL 321Fundamentals of cyber policy and security4-5
MS&E 293Technology and National Security3
Energy, Natural Resources, and the Environment
EARTHSYS 112Human Society and Environmental Change4
GSBGEN 336Energy Markets and Policy3
Global Health
HUMBIO 129SGlobal Public Health3
ECON 126Economics of Health and Medical Care5
Governance and Development
INTLPOL 230Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law5
ECON 118Development Economics5
International Security
INTLPOL 241International Security in a Changing World5
MS&E 293Technology and National Security3

MIP-Specific Academic Policies

The University's general requirements, applicable to all graduate degrees at Stanford, are listed in the "Graduate Degrees" section of this bulletin. In addition, the MIP-specific degree requirement academic policies are listed below. 

Core Courses

All core courses must be completed during the first year of the program. The only exemption is for coterm, dual, or joint degree students who have conflicts with courses in their other degree program. In this instance, prior approval from MIP is required to move a core course to the second year. Note the additional guidance on first-year core courses:

  • Students are required to enroll in INTLPOL 300 for 1 unit in each quarter of the first year of the program. For each quarter of enrollment, the course requires attendance at a minimum of eight colloquia or speaker series within the Freeman Spogli Institute. 
  • Students are required to enroll in INTLPOL 300S for 1 unit in Winter Quarter and 2 units in Spring Quarter.
  • INTLPOL 301A and INTLPOL 301B are a sequenced series. Thus, students are required to enroll in the first course (301A) during Autumn Quarter and the second course (301B) during Winter Quarter.
  • Students are required to enroll in INTLPOL 302 and INTLPOL 305 for Autumn Quarter.  
  • Students are required to enroll in INTLPOL 306 for Winter Quarter.
  • Students are required to enroll in INTLPOL 307 for Spring Quater.

Practicum

Students enroll in INTLPOL 310 for both Winter Quarter and Spring Quarter of the second year of the program. Additionally, students enroll in INTLPOL 310A in Spring Quarter of the second year of the program.

Directed Readings

Students may arrange directed reading courses if the current course offerings do not meet particular research or study needs. Directed reading courses are independent study projects students may undertake with Stanford faculty members. Once the student has identified a faculty member to support his or her studies, the student must submit the directed reading proposal for review by the MIP academic services team. Directed reading proposals must be submitted no later than the end of the second week of the quarter. The academic services team reviews the directed reading proposal and renders a decision no later than two days prior to the Final Study List Deadline. If approved, the MIP staff creates a section number for the specific instructor so the student can enroll in the course. The course is listed as INTLPOL 299 Directed Reading and the section number corresponds to the instructor. There are two restrictions for directed readings:

  1. Students can receive credit for a maximum of 5 units per directed reading course.
  2. Students must receive a letter grade for the directed reading course.

Academic Standing and Grade Requirement

MIP students must maintain a minimum 3.0 cumulative GPA to remain in good academic standing. In addition, a minimum 3.0 cumulative GPA is required for conferral of the M.A. degree. Failure to remain in good academic standing due to not meeting the GPA requirement or making insufficient degree progress will result in being placed on academic probation.

All courses taken to fulfill requirements for the M.A. in International Policy must be taken for a letter grade. The only exceptions are: INTLPOL 300 Policy Seminar for MIP and INTLPOL 300S Leading Effective Teams which are only offered as S/NC; courses taken in the Law School, the School of Medicine, or the Graduate School of Business where a letter grade is not an available option; or approved 1 or 2 unit elective courses, which are only offered as S/NC. Pre-approval is required from the MIP student services team in order to apply a non-letter grade course in Law, Medicine, or the Graduate School of Business toward the MIP degree.

Additional Academic Requirements

  1. All graduate degree candidates must submit a Master's Degree Program Proposal in winter and spring quarters of the first year of study.  See "Graduate Advising" in this bulletin for additional information. Submission of the Program Proposal requires scheduling a 30-minute advising session with the MIP Academic Services Team to review degree progress and outline course work that needs to be completed in subsequent quarters in order to graduate. The University requires each student to have a program proposal on file with the academic program in order for the student to apply to graduate. Failure to complete this process results in a hold being placed on the student’s account. 
  2. In order to graduate, students must apply for graduation in Axess. Additionally, a final, completed Program Proposal must be submitted during a student's final quarter of study no later than three weeks prior to the end of the finals.
  3. A maximum of 20 undergraduate units can be applied towards the MIP degree. Courses listed at the 100-level or below are considered to be at the undergraduate level. The exceptions are History and Political Science, which list undergraduate courses at the 200-level and below. 
  4. Units from language courses may only be applied towards the 16 units of elective coursework. English proficiency courses for international students do not count towards the MIP degree requirements. 

Coterminal Master's Program

Undergraduates at Stanford may apply for admission to the coterminal master's program in International Policy when they have earned a minimum of 120 units toward graduation, including Advanced Placement and transfer credit, and no later than the quarter prior to the expected completion of their undergraduate degree. In addition to the web-based application, coterminal applicants must submit the following supporting materials:

  • Two letters of recommendation from University faculty
  • Academic writing sample of at least eight double-spaced pages (but no more than 15 pages)
  • Statement of purpose focusing on relevant personal, academic, and career plans and goals
  • Resume

Note: The GRE exam is not required for coterminal applicants to the MIP program.

Students must submit the Coterminal Online Application. Applications must be filed together with supporting materials by 11:59 pm on Tuesday, January 8, 2019.

University Coterminal Requirements

Coterminal master’s degree candidates are expected to complete all master’s degree requirements as described in this bulletin. University requirements for the coterminal master’s degree are described in the “Coterminal Master’s Program” section. University requirements for the master’s degree are described in the "Graduate Degrees" section of this bulletin.

After accepting admission to this coterminal master’s degree program, students may request transfer of courses from the undergraduate to the graduate career to satisfy requirements for the master’s degree. Transfer of courses to the graduate career requires review and approval of both the undergraduate and graduate programs on a case by case basis.

In this master’s program, courses taken three quarters prior to the first graduate quarter, or later, are eligible for consideration for transfer to the graduate career. No courses taken prior to the first quarter of the sophomore year may be used to meet master’s degree requirements.

Course transfers are not possible after the bachelor’s degree has been conferred.

The University requires that the graduate adviser be assigned in the student’s first graduate quarter even though the undergraduate career may still be open. The University also requires that the Master’s Degree Program Proposal be completed by the student and approved by the department by the end of the student’s first graduate quarter.

Exchange Program

Stanford–Vienna Academic Exchange

The Stanford–Vienna Academic Exchange is an Autumn Quarter exchange program between the Ford Dorsey Master's in International Policy and the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna (DA). Two second-year students from each institution are selected by application to receive fellowships to spend Autumn Quarter in an academic exchange at the other institution where they take courses as full-time students, pursue extracurricular activities, and participate in the academic life of the host institution.

MIP students participating in the Stanford-Vienna Academic Exchange must complete all requirements listed in the M.A. curriculum. However, the minimum number of Stanford units required to graduate will be 65. In addition to the minimum requirement of 65 units, students must complete, at minimum, the equivalent of 15 units (3-4 full-time courses) at the DA. MIP students selected for the exchange must submit their list of chosen DA courses to the MIP academic services team for approval, no later than the end of the first week of DA classes. Students who are considering applying to the Stanford-Vienna academic exchange program should consider how the courses taken at the DA will fit in their degree requirements.

While on exchange at the DA, a MIP student's status is listed as active, but they are not considered enrolled at Stanford. In addition, MIP students receive an academic transcript from the DA for Autumn Quarter. Hence, there is no reference to the exchange on a MIP student's Stanford transcript.

For further information, please see the Stanford-Vienna Academic Exchange section of the MIP website.

Joint Degree Programs

Up to a maximum of 45 units, or one year, of the University residency requirement can be credited toward both graduate degree programs (i.e., the joint degree may require up to 45 fewer units than the sum of the individual degree unit requirements). For example, an M.A./M.P.P. has a three-year residency requirement, one year less than what is required for the separate degrees. The reduced requirement recognizes the subject matter overlap between the fields comprising the joint degree.

Juris Doctor and Master of Arts in International Policy (J.D./M.A.)

Students may choose to pursue a joint J.D./M.A. in International Policy degree. The joint degree program combines the strengths of the Law School and MIP. Prospective students interested in this joint degree program may apply concurrently to both the Stanford Law School (SLS) and the MIP program. Two separate application forms are required and applicants must submit LSAT scores to the Law School and GRE scores to MIP.

Students already enrolled at SLS may apply to the joint J.D./M.A. in International Policy program no later than the end of the second year of Law School. Applications are due no later than Tuesday, January 8, 2019 by 11:59 pm PST. The MIP program makes admissions decisions based on the student's original application materials, which the student must have sent from the School of Law to MIP.

Submission of the following is required for consideration:

  • Joint Degree Application Form (available from the MIP website)
  • Law School Joint Degree Petition (details available on the SLS Joint Degree Application Process webpage)
  • Graduate Program Authorization Petition (submitted via Axess)
  • Enrollment Agreement for Students with Multiple Programs (available for download on the University Registrar's forms page)
  • Current resume or curriculum vitae
  • LSAT scores are sufficient (GRE scores are not required)

For further information, see the "Joint Degree Programs" section of this bulletin, the University Registrar's site, and the SLS' Joint and Cooperative Degree Programs website.

Master of Arts in International Policy and Master of Public Policy (M.A./M.P.P.) 

Admission to the joint degree program requires admission to and matriculation in Stanford’s Ford Dorsey Master's in International Policy and consent of that program.

Applications for graduate study in Public Policy are only accepted from:

  1. students currently enrolled in any Stanford graduate or undergraduate degree program
  2. from external applicants seeking a joint degree, or
  3. from Stanford alumni who have graduated within the past five years.

To be considered for matriculation beginning in the Autumn Quarter 2019-20, all application materials must be submitted no later than April 9, 2019. The early deadline for applications is Tuesday, January 22, 2019 with a final deadline on Tuesday, April 9, 2019. Early submission of M.P.P. applications is encouraged. Admission notifications are sent on a rolling basis no later than May 1, 2019. Admitted students are encouraged to respond to offers of admission by April 15, 2019 and are required to respond to offers of admission by May 15, 2019 at the latest.

External applicants for joint degrees must apply to the department or school offering the other graduate degree (i.e., PhD, MD, MA, MS, MBA, or JD), indicating an interest in the joint degree program; applicants admitted to the other degree program are then evaluated for admission to the M.P.P. or M.A. program.  Applicants who are admitted to MIP may apply once they have received admission to the program but prior to matriculation in autumn quarter. They may also apply during the first or second year of the MIP program.

Details on the joint degree curriculum can be found on the Public Policy website.

For further information, see the "Joint Degree Programs" section of this bulletin and the University Registrar's site.

Dual Degree Programs

Students who have attended Stanford for at least one term and who are currently enrolled may apply to add a second degree program.  The first step in the process is to consult with the primary degree program as well as the degree program to which the student is considering applying to add. Application requirements vary by graduate program. If a secondary degree program admits a student then she/he/they must submit a Graduate Program Authorization Petition to add the new degree program that will be pursued concurrently with the existing program.

It is important that the attempt to add degree programs be made while the student is enrolled. Otherwise, a new Application for Graduate Admission must be submitted and an application fee paid. Similarly, enrollment must be continuous if a new degree program is added after completion of an existing program. Summer quarter enrollment is optional for students who intend to begin a new degree program in the Autumn quarter, provided that they have been enrolled the prior Spring quarter.

Graduate Program Authorization Petitions are filed electronically in Axess and approved by the current and the new department. In addition, petitions from international students are routed to the Bechtel International Center for review. Upon all approvals, the student's record automatically updates with the requested changes.

Master of Business Administration and Master of Arts in International Policy (M.B.A./M.A.)

The dual degree is designed for students who want to work at the intersection of business and the state both in the U.S. and abroad. Prospective students interested in this dual degree program may apply concurrently to both the Stanford Graduate School of Business and the MIP program. Two separate applications are required and applicants must submit GRE scores with each application.

Students already enrolled at the Stanford Graduate School of Business may apply to the M.B.A./M.A. in International Policy dual degree program no later than the end of the first year. The MIP program has one annual application deadline by which applications are due no later than 11:59 pm PST on Tuesday, January 8, 2019. Applicants from the Graduate School of Business must request to have their original application sent to MIP for review. Additionally, submission of the following is required for consideration:

  • Dual Degree Application Form (available from the MIP website)
  • Stanford Official Transcript
  • Graduate Program Authorization Petition (submitted via Axess)
  • Enrollment Agreement for Students with Multiple Programs (available for download on the University Registrar's forms page)

Completing this combined course of study requires approximately three academic years, depending on the student's background and quantitative preparation. Admissions processes for both programs are completely independent of each other and units from courses can only be applied to one degree or the other, not both.

Area of Specialization Curriculum

The Ford Dorsey Master's in International Policy (MIP) offers five areas of specialization:

  • Cyber Policy and Security (CYBER)
  • Energy, Natural Resources, and the Environment (ENRE)
  • Global Health (GH)
  • Governance and Development (GOVDEV)
  • International Security (ISEC)

Each specialization is guided by one -or more- major research centers at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford. This collaboration provides MIP students with exposure to cutting-edge research on global policy issues. Students are required to choose one area of specialization and complete at least five courses within the specialization for a minimum of 20 total units. Each area of specialization requires the completion of two required courses (indicated on the Master's tab), and at least three elective courses from an approved list, as shown below. Due to the recent changes in the MIP program curriculum, the following specialization elective course lists may be updated over the course of the academic year.

Cyber Policy and Security

Units
COMM 257Information Control in Authoritarian Regimes4-5
CS 181Computers, Ethics, and Public Policy4
CS 251Cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies3
EARTHSYS 262Data for Sustainable Development3-5
INTLPOL 221Politics of Data: Algorithmic Culture, Big Data, and Information Waste3-4
INTLPOL 251Cybersecurity: A Legal and Technical Perspective2
INTLPOL 252The Risk in the Wires: The New Organizational Priority of Cyber Risk Management4-5
INTLPOL 253CCyber Conflict4-5
INTLPOL 268Hack Lab3
INTLPOL 269Cyber Law: International and Domestic Legal Frameworks for Cyber Policy3-4
INTLPOL 320Comparative Technology Security Policy1-2
INTLPOL 322Modern Surveillance Law2
INTLPOL 323Free Speech, Democracy and the Internet2-3
MS&E 238Leading Trends in Information Technology3
MS&E 297"Hacking for Defense": Solving National Security issues with the Lean Launchpad3-4


Energy, Natural Resources, and the Environment

Units
CS 325BData for Sustainable Development3-5
EARTHSYS 185Feeding Nine Billion4-5
ECON 155Environmental Economics and Policy5
ECON 251Natural Resource and Energy Economics2-5
HISTORY 303EInfrastructure & Power in the Global South4-5
INTLPOL 266Managing Nuclear Waste: Technical, Political and Organizational Challenges3
INTLPOL 271Climate Politics: Science and Global Governance3-4
INTLPOL 272Empirical Methods in Sustainable Development3-5


Global Health

Units
BIOMEDIN 432Analysis of Costs, Risks, and Benefits of Health Care4
CS 325BData for Sustainable Development3-5
EASTASN 217Health and Healthcare Systems in East Asia3-5
ECON 127Economics of Health Improvement in Developing Countries5
HUMBIO 126AAdvanced Seminar in Health and Security3
HUMBIO 129WHealth Care Systems Around the World4
INTLPOL 290Practical Approaches to Global Health Research3
MED 232Virtual Student Exchange in Global Health between Lebanon and Stanford1-3


Governance and Development

Units
CS 325BData for Sustainable Development3-5
HISTORY 303EInfrastructure & Power in the Global South4-5
INTLPOL 203Trade and Development3-5
INTLPOL 207Economics of Corruption3-5
INTLPOL 210The Politics of International Humanitarian Action3-5
INTLPOL 213International Mediation and Civil Wars3-5
INTLPOL 214Refugees in the Twenty-first Century3-5
INTLPOL 215Special Topics: State-Society Relations in the Contemporary Arab World-Key Concepts and Debates5
INTLPOL 224Economic Development and Challenges of East Asia3-5
INTLPOL 231ARussia and the West5
INTLPOL 232Foreign Policy Decision Making in Comparative Perspective3
INTLPOL 234GThe Comparative Policy Process5
INTLPOL 242American Foreign Policy: Interests, Values, and Process5
INTLPOL 244U.S. Policy toward Northeast Asia5
INTLPOL 264Behind the Headlines: An Introduction to US Foreign Policy in South and East Asia3-5
INTLPOL 280Transitional Justice, Human Rights, and International Criminal Tribunals3-5
INTLPOL 281Global Poverty and the Law3
INTLPOL 323Free Speech, Democracy and the Internet2-3
INTLPOL 350International Law4
INTLPOL 351Law of Democracy3
INTLPOL 352State Building and the Rule of Law Seminar3
INTLPOL 355International Human rights3
INTNLREL 123The Future of the European Union: Challenges and Opportunities5
POLISCI 110GGoverning the Global Economy5
POLISCI 147Comparative Democratic Development5
POLISCI 147PThe Politics of Inequality5
POLISCI 347GGovernance and Poverty3-5
POLISCI 348SLatin American Politics3-5
POLISCI 441LGrad Seminar on Middle Eastern Politics3-5
SOC 217BChinese Politics and Society3-5


International Security

Units
HISTORY 303EInfrastructure & Power in the Global South4-5
HISTORY 349Bodies, Technologies, and Natures in Africa4-5
INTLPOL 210The Politics of International Humanitarian Action3-5
INTLPOL 213International Mediation and Civil Wars3-5
INTLPOL 214Refugees in the Twenty-first Century3-5
INTLPOL 221Politics of Data: Algorithmic Culture, Big Data, and Information Waste3-4
INTLPOL 231ARussia and the West5
INTLPOL 232Foreign Policy Decision Making in Comparative Perspective3
INTLPOL 244U.S. Policy toward Northeast Asia5
INTLPOL 246China on the World Stage4
INTLPOL 250International Conflict Resolution2
INTLPOL 255Policy Practicum: Rethinking INTERPOL's Governance Model1-3
INTLPOL 264Behind the Headlines: An Introduction to US Foreign Policy in South and East Asia3-5
INTLPOL 266Managing Nuclear Waste: Technical, Political and Organizational Challenges3
INTLPOL 280Transitional Justice, Human Rights, and International Criminal Tribunals3-5
INTLPOL 285The United States, China, & Global Security2
INTLPOL 350International Law4
INTLPOL 355International Human rights3
INTLPOL 356Human trafficking: Law and Policy3
POLISCI 314RChallenges and Dilemmas in American Foreign Policy5
POLISCI 348Chinese Politics3-5
POLISCI 443SPolitical Economy of Reform in China3-5
SOC 217BChinese Politics and Society3-5

Graduate Advising Expectations

The Program in International Policy (MIP) is committed to providing academic advising in support of graduate student scholarly and professional development. When most effective, this advising relationship entails collaborative and sustained engagement by both the adviser and the advisee. As a best practice, advising expectations should be periodically discussed and reviewed to ensure mutual understanding. Both the adviser and the advisee are expected to maintain professionalism and integrity.

Faculty advisers guide students in key areas such as selecting courses, designing and conducting research, developing of teaching pedagogy, navigating policies and degree requirements, and exploring academic opportunities and professional pathways.

Graduate students are active contributors to the advising relationship, proactively seeking academic and professional guidance and taking responsibility for informing themselves of policies and degree requirements for their graduate program.

Each student in the MIP program will be assigned a faculty adviser as well as a program advisor. The faculty advisor, which will be assigned in September of the student's first quarter of matriculation, will be identified based on a student's interests and area of specialization. The expectation is that students will meet with their faculty advisors on a quarterly basis, at minimum. In addition to the faculty advisor, the program adviser (i.e., the Assistant Director for Academic and Student Services, International Policy) serves as an adviser for all students in the program and provides guidance and support on degree requirements and progress, academic policy interpretation and enforcement, degree program support, personal support, and other matters.

Additionally, MIP students (including coterminal, dual, and joint degree students) are required to submit a program proposal to the department during their second and third quarters of enrollment. This time frame is different from general University policy. The program proposal establishes a student's individual program of study to meet University and department degree requirements. Students must amend the proposal formally if their plans for meeting degree requirements change. The form is available on the MIP website. Additional information on the Master’s Program Proposal is available in the “Graduate Degrees” section of this bulletin.

For a statement of University policy on graduate advising, see the "Graduate Advising" section of this bulletin.

Director:

Michael McFaul (Director, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies; Political Science)

Deputy Director for Academic and Student Affairs:

Kathryn Stoner (Deputy Director, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)

Executive Committee:

Marshall Burke (Earth System Science)
Karen Eggleston (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Karl Eikenberry (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Francis Fukuyama (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Colin Kahl (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Stephen Krasner (Political Science)
Steve Luby (Medicine)
Mark Thurber (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Jeremy Weinstein (Political Science)
Frank Wolak (Economics)
Amy Zegart (Hoover Institution)

Affiliated Faculty:

Marcella Alsan (Medicine)
Michelle Barry (Medicine)
Jayanta Battacharya (Medicine)
Coit D. Blacker (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Lisa Blaydes (Political Science)
Dan Boneh (Computer Science; Electrical Engineering)
Kate Bundorf (Health Research and Policy)
Paul Brest (Law)
David Cohen (Handa Center for Human Rights and International Justice)
Martha Crenshaw (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Larry Diamond (Hoover Institution)
Alberto Díaz-Cayeros (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Pascaline Dupas (Economics)
Donald Emmerson (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Stefano Ermon (Computer Science)
Rodney Ewing (Geological and Environmental Sciences)
Marcel Fafchamps (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
James Fearon (Political Science)
Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert (Medicine)
Lawrence Goulder (Economics)
Anna Grzymala-Busse (Political Science)
Garbielle Hecht (History)
Siegfried Hecker (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
David Holloway (History)
Takeo Hoshi (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Erik Jensen (Law)
Saumitra Jha (Graduate School of Business)
Yong Suk Lee (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
David Lobell (Earth System Science)
Robert MacCoun (Law)
Beatriz Magaloni (Political Science)
Jenny Martinez (Law)
Abbas Milani (Iranian Studies)
Grant Miller (School of Medicine)
Norman Naimark (History)
Rosamond Naylor (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Jean Oi (Political Science)
Doug Owens (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Jennifer Pan (Communications)
William J. Perry (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Nathaniel Persily (Law)
Steven Press (History)
Condoleezza Rice (Graduate School of Business)
Scott Rozelle (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Scott Sagan (Political Science)
Kenneth Scheve (Political Science)
Gi-Wook Shin (Sociology)
Stephen J. Stedman (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Andrew Walder (Sociology)
Allen Weiner (Law)
Keith Winstein (Computer Science)
Paul Wise (Pediatrics)

Adjunct Professors:

Michael Armacost (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Thomas Fingar (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Andrew Grotto (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Steve Pifer (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)

Consulting Professors:

Philip Taubman (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)

Lecturers, Academic Staff, Scholars, and Fellows:

Chonira Aturupane (International Policy)
Daniel Barreto (Management Science & Engineering)
Allison Berke (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Dikla Carmel-Hurwitz (Graduate School of Business)
Leslie Chin (Graduate School of Business)
Ertharin Cousin (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Christophe Crombez (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Eileen Donahoe (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Paul Edwards (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Beth George (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Toomas Ilves (Hoover Institution)
Medi-Jalalddin Hakimi (Law)
Amr Hamzawy (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Todd Hinnen (Law)
Jerry Kaplan (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Charles Kolstad (Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research)
Herb Lin (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Anja Manuel (International Policy)
Dinsha Mistree (Law)
Eric Morris (International Policy)
Megan Palmer (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Richard Salgado (Law)
Max Smeets (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Daniel Sneider (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Alex Stamos (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Ognen Stojanovski (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Harold Trinkunas (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)
Steve Weinstein (Management Science & Engineering)

Visiting Faculty:

R. Kent Weaver (Public Policy and Government, Georgetown University)

Visiting Lecturers:

Theresa Bridgeman
Gregory Falco
Chris Painter

Courses

INTLPOL 200. The Social & Economic Impact of Artificial Intelligence. 1 Unit.

(Formerly IPS 200.) Recent advances in computing may place us at the threshold of a unique turning point in human history. Soon we are likely to entrust management of our environment, economy, security, infrastructure, food production, healthcare, and to a large degree even our personal activities, to artificially intelligent computer systems. The prospect of "turning over the keys" to increasingly autonomous systems raises many complex and troubling questions. How will society respond as versatile robots and machine-learning systems displace an ever-expanding spectrum of blue- and white-collar workers? Will the benefits of this technological revolution be broadly distributed or accrue to a lucky few? How can we ensure that these systems respect our ethical principles when they make decisions at speeds and for rationales that exceed our ability to comprehend? What, if any, legal rights and responsibilities should we grant them? And should we regard them merely as sophisticated tools or as a newly emerging form of life? The goal of CS22 is to equip students with the intellectual tools, ethical foundation, and psychological framework to successfully navigate the coming age of intelligent machines.
Same as: CS 22A

INTLPOL 203. Trade and Development. 3-5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 203) This course analyzes the role of international trade in the development experience of countries. Amongst the topics covered are the instruments of trade policy, the developmental impact of trade liberalization/protectionism, and trade policy formulation, with particular attention to the political economy of trade policy. Given the current international trade environment, students will also debate the rise of trade protectionism, as well as discuss policies to enhance the benefits (winners) and address the costs (losers) of trade liberalization. The purpose of the course is to equip students with the tools to analyze international trade issues, propose policies, and assess the feasibility of policy implementation, particularly in the context of trade as a development strategy. Students will also dissect several common myths about international trade, such as the recent populist message that "trade deficits are bad." In addition, the "In the News" segment in class will discuss and analyze current events in areas relevant to the course. Prerequisites: ECON 51, ECON 166.

INTLPOL 204A. Microeconomics for Policy. 4-5 Units.

Microeconomic concepts relevant to decision making. Topics include: competitive market clearing, price discrimination; general equilibrium; risk aversion and sharing, capital market theory, Nash equilibrium; welfare analysis; public choice; externalities and public goods; hidden information and market signaling; moral hazard and incentives; auction theory; game theory; oligopoly; reputation and credibility. Undergraduate Public Policy students may take PUBLPOL 51 as a substitute for the ECON 51 major requirement. Economics majors still need to take ECON 51. Prerequisites: ECON 50 and MATH 51 or equiv.
Same as: PUBLPOL 51, PUBLPOL 301A

INTLPOL 204B. Economic Policy Analysis for Policymakers. 4-5 Units.

This class provides economic and institutional background necessary to conduct policy analysis. We will examine the economic justification for government intervention and illustrate these concepts with applications drawn from different policy contexts. The goal of the course is to provide you with the conceptual foundations and the practical skills and experience you will need to be thoughtful consumers or producers of policy analysis. Prerequisites: ECON 102B or PUBLPOL 303D.
Same as: PUBLPOL 301B

INTLPOL 207. Economics of Corruption. 3-5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 207) This course applies economic tools to understanding and analyzing the developmental impact and determinants of corruption, as well as policy initiatives to address corruption. In addition to theories of corruption, students evaluate several case studies, randomized experiments, and empirical evidence, including from Argentina, Botswana, Brazil, China, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Uganda, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The "Corruption in the News" section supplements the class material.

INTLPOL 207B. Public Policy and Social Psychology: Implications and Applications. 4 Units.

Theories, insights, and concerns of social psychology relevant to how people perceive issues, events, and each other, and links between beliefs and individual and collective behavior will be discussed with reference to a range of public policy issues including education, public health, income and wealth inequalities, and climate change, Specific topics include: situationist and subjectivist traditions of applied and theoretical social psychology; social comparison, dissonance, and attribution theories; stereotyping and stereotype threat, and sources of intergroup conflict and misunderstanding; challenges to universality assumptions regarding human motivation, emotion, and perception of self and others; also the general problem of producing individual and collective changes in norms and behavior.
Same as: PSYCH 216, PUBLPOL 305B

INTLPOL 208A. International Justice. 4-5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 208A) This course will examine the arc of an atrocity. It begins with an introduction to the interdisciplinary scholarship on the causes and enablers of mass violence genocide, war crimes, terrorism, and state repression. It then considers political and legal responses ranging from humanitarian intervention (within and without the Responsibility to Protect framework), sanctions, commissions of inquiry, and accountability mechanisms, including criminal trials before international and domestic tribunals. The course will also explore the range of transitional justice mechanisms available to policymakers as societies emerge from periods of violence and repression, including truth commissions, illustrations, and amnesties. Coming full circle, the course will evaluate current efforts aimed at atrocity prevention, rather than response, including President Obama¿s atrocities prevention initiative. Readings address the philosophical underpinnings of justice, questions of institutional design, and the way in which different societies have balanced competing policy imperatives. Cross-listed with LAW 5033.
Same as: HUMRTS 102

INTLPOL 209. Practicum. 1-8 Unit.

(Formerly IPS 209) Applied policy exercises in various fields. Multidisciplinary student teams apply skills to a contemporary problem in a major international policy exercise with a public sector client such as a government agency. Problem analysis, interaction with the client and experts, and presentations. Emphasis is on effective written and oral communication to lay audiences of recommendations based on policy analysis. Enrollment must be split between Autumn and Winter Quarters for a total of 8 units.

INTLPOL 209A. IPS Master's Thesis. 1-8 Unit.

(Formerly IPS 209A) For IPS M.A. students only (by petition). Regular meetings with thesis advisers required.

INTLPOL 210. The Politics of International Humanitarian Action. 3-5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 210) The relationship between humanitarianism and politics in international responses to civil conflicts and forced displacement. Focus is on policy dilemmas and choices, and the consequences of action or inaction. Case studies include northern Iraq (Kurdistan), Bosnia, Rwanda, Kosovo, and Darfur. In addition to class attendance, each student will meet with the instructor for multiple one-on-one sessions during the quarter.

INTLPOL 213. International Mediation and Civil Wars. 3-5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 213) This graduate seminar will examine international mediation efforts to achieve negotiated settlements for civil wars over the last two decades. Contending approaches to explain the success or failure of international mediation efforts will be examined in a number of cases from Africa (Sudan, Sierra Leone, Burundi), the Balkans (Bosnia, Macedonia), and Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia/Aceh). In addition to class attendance, each student will meet with the instructor for multiple one-on-one sessions during the quarter. Satisfies the IPS Policy Writing Requirement.

INTLPOL 214. Refugees in the Twenty-first Century. 3-5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 214) The focus of this graduate seminar is policy dilemmas in international responses to massive population movements. In 2015 and 2016 hundreds of thousands of persons from the Middle East (particularly Syria) and Africa fled their home countries and attempted to cross into Europe by sea. In September 2016, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted the "New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants". This political declaration aims to improve the international response to large movements of refugees and migrants, including protracted refugee situations. One of the many challenges confronting this multilateral diplomatic undertaking is that the definition of the word "refugee" is contested, as is the process to determine who is a refugee. This course will provide an immersive examination of the causes and consequences of refugee movements. This course is a seminar that requires full student attendance and participation. A focus of the course is to develop the skills of students in writing policy memos. Students will meet with the instructor for multiple one-on-one sessions on their policy memos.

INTLPOL 215. Special Topics: State-Society Relations in the Contemporary Arab World-Key Concepts and Debates. 5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 215) This course looks at key concepts pertaining to state-society relations in the Arab world as they have evolved in regional intellectual and political debates since the 1990s. Citizenship, minority rights, freedom of expression, freedom of association, the rule of law, government accountability, independence of the judiciary, civil-military relations, and democratic transition will be among the concepts discussed.
Same as: POLISCI 215A

INTLPOL 219. Intelligence and National Security. 3 Units.

(Formerly IPS 219) How intelligence supports U.S. national security and foreign policies. How it has been used by U.S. presidents to become what it is today; organizational strengths and weaknesses; how it is monitored and held accountable to the goals of a democratic society; and successes and failures. Current intelligence analyses and national intelligence estimates are produced in support of simulated policy deliberations.

INTLPOL 221. Politics of Data: Algorithmic Culture, Big Data, and Information Waste. 3-4 Units.

(Formerly IPS 221) This course examines the role of data and algorithms in politically significant phenomena such as fake news,Twitter bots, prediction markets, racial profiling, autonomous robotic weapons, cryptocurrencies, and hacked elections. Readings are drawn from science & technology studies, information science, anthropology, communication, media studies, legal theory, sociology, and computer science, with additional contributions from psychology and philosophy. Non-technical, but minimal familiarity with computers and data analysis is assumed. Assignments include reading logs, a midterm exam, and a term paper.

INTLPOL 224. Economic Development and Challenges of East Asia. 3-5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 224) This course explores East Asia's rapid economic development and the current economic challenges. For the purpose of this course, we will focus on China, Japan, and Korea. The first part of the course examines economic growth in East Asia and the main mechanisms. In this context, we will examine government and industrial policy, international trade, firms and business groups, and human capital. We will discuss the validity of an East Asian model for economic growth. However, rapid economic growth and development in East Asia was followed by economic stagnation and financial crisis. The second part of the course focuses on the current economic challenges confronting these countries, such as, political economy, human capital, inequality, and entrepreneurship and innovation. Readings will come from books, journal articles, reports, news articles, and case studies. Many of the readings will have an empirical component and students will be able to develop their understanding of how empirical evidence is presented in articles. Prerequisites: ECON 102B or equivalent courses that cover regression analysis.

INTLPOL 227. Finance and Society for non-MBAs. 4 Units.

This interdisciplinary course explores the economic, political, and cultural forces that shape the financial system and, through this system, have major effects on the economy and on society. You will gain an understanding of how the interactions between individuals, corporations, governments, and the media can help the financial system and the economy work better or in turn allow those with better information and control to harm others unnecessarily. Topics include the basic principles of investment and funding, corporations and their governance, financial markets and institutions, and political and ethical issues. We will discuss recent and ongoing news events and analyses immediately relevant to the material. The approach will be rigorous and analytical but not overly mathematical. A few visitors will further enrich the discussion. Prerequisite: ECON 1 or equivalent.
Same as: ECON 143, MS&E 147, POLISCI 127A, PUBLPOL 143

INTLPOL 230. Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law. 5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 230) This course explores the different dimensions of development - economic, social, and political - as well as the way that modern institutions (the state, rule of law, and democratic accountability) developed and interacted with other factors across different societies around the world.
Same as: INTNLREL 114D, POLISCI 114D, POLISCI 314D

INTLPOL 231. Russia, the West and the Rest. 4 Units.

(Formerly IPS 231) Focus on understanding the diversity of political, social, and economic outcomes in Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Exploration of questions, including: Is Russia still a global power? Where does it have influence internationally, how much, and why? Developmentally, what is the relevant comparison set of countries? Is Russia's economic growth over the last decade truly similar to Brazil, China, and India or is it more comparable to Kazakhstan, Nigeria, and Kenya? How has Russia's domestic political trajectory from liberalizing country to increasingly autocratic affected its foreign policy toward Ukraine, Georgia, and other formerly Soviet states? Finally, is Russia's reemergence as an important global actor more apparent than real?.
Same as: REES 231

INTLPOL 231A. Russia and the West. 5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 231A) Today, American-Russian relations, and Russia¿s relations with West more generally, are tense and confrontational. One has to look deep into the Cold War to find a similar era of confrontation and competition. Yet, relations between Russia and the West were not always this way. The end of the Cold War, for instance, ushered in a period of cooperation. Back then, many believed that Russia was going to develop democratic and market institutions and integrate into Western international institutions. This seminar will examine various explanations for these variations in Russia¿s relations with the West, starting in the 19th century, and briefly examining the Cold War period, but a real focus on the last thirty years. In evaluating competing explanations. the course will focus on balance of power theories, culture, historical legacies, institutional design, and individual actors in both the United States (and sometimes Europe) and Russia.nn** NOTE: The enrollment of the class is by application only. Please send a one page document to Anya Shkurko (ashkurko@stanford.edu) by March 23rd with the following information: full name, class year, major, contact email, which version of the course you want to enroll in (PoliSci/REES/IPS). In the document please also outline previous associated coursework and/or relevant experience and write why you want to enroll in the seminar. Application results will be announced on March 30th. Any questions related to this course can be directed to Anya Shkurko.
Same as: POLISCI 213A, REES 213A

INTLPOL 232. Foreign Policy Decision Making in Comparative Perspective. 3 Units.

This seminar will examine how countries and multilateral organizations make decisions about foreign and international policy. The hypothesis to be explored in the course is that individuals, bureaucracies, and interest groups shape foreign policy decisions. That hypothesis will be tested against other more structural explanations of how countries behave in the international system. After a brief review of the academic literature in the first part of the course, the seminar will focus on several cases studies of foreign policy decisionmaking by the United States, China, Russia, Iran, and North Korea, as well as the United Nations and NATO. This seminar is intended for masters¿ students and fourth-year undergraduates. NOTE: The enrollment of the class is by application only. Please send a one page document to Anya Shkurko (ashkurko@stanford.edu) by March 10th with the following information: full name, class year, major, contact email, which version of the course you want to enroll in (e.g., POLISCI or INTLPOL). In the document please also outline previous associated coursework and/or relevant experience and write why you want to enroll in the seminar. Application results will be announced on March 22nd. Any questions related to this course can be directed to Anya Shkurko.
Same as: POLISCI 242, POLISCI 342

INTLPOL 234G. The Comparative Policy Process. 5 Units.

This course examines the macro-societal and institutional forces that shape decision making by policymakers as well as the strategies that they use to respond to those constraints. There is a balance between theory and case materials.

INTLPOL 237. Religion and Politics: A Threat to Democracy?. 4-5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 237) The meddling of religion in politics has become a major global issue. Can religion co-exist with politics in a democracy? In Israel this is an acute issue exhibiting an existential question: To what extent religion is a source of the weaknesses and vulnerabilities of Israeli Democracy? The course offered is a research workshop, part of a policy-oriented applied research in motion. The workshop will meet a few times during the Fall Quarter and the instructor will be available to consult with the workshop's participants on a bi-weekly basis. The workshop will include unique opportunities for hands-on, team-based research.
Same as: JEWISHST 237

INTLPOL 241. International Security in a Changing World. 5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 241) This class examines the most pressing international security problems facing the world today: nuclear crises, nuclear non-proliferation, digital security, terrorism, and climate change. Alternative perspectives--from political science, history, and STS (Science, Technology, and Society) studies--are used to analyze these problems. The class includes an award-winning two-day international negotiation simulation.
Same as: HISTORY 104D, POLISCI 114S

INTLPOL 242. American Foreign Policy: Interests, Values, and Process. 5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 242) This seminar will examine the tension in American foreign policy between pursuing U.S. security and economic interests and promoting American values abroad. The course will retrace the theoretical and ideological debates about values versus interests, with a particular focus on realism versus liberalism. The course will examine the evolution of these debates over time, starting with the French revolution, but with special attention given to the Cold War, American foreign policy after September 11th, and the Obama administration. The course also will examine how these contending theories and ideologies are mediated through the U.S. bureaucracy that shapes the making of foreign policy. ** NOTE: The enrollment of the class is by application only. Please provide a one page double-spaced document outlining previous associated coursework and why you want to enroll in the seminar to Anna Coll (acoll@stanford.edu) by February 22nd. Any questions related to this course can be directed to Anna Coll.
Same as: GLOBAL 220, POLISCI 217A

INTLPOL 243. U.S. Policy Options in North Korea. 3-4 Units.

(Formerly IPS 243) Seventy years after its founding in 1948, North Korea, or more officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), insists on being accepted as a nuclear weapons state, and continues to defy U.S. and international sanctions and pressure. Why the priority to nuclear and missile capabilities by this small, isolated state, and what kind of and how much of a threat is it? Taught by a former American diplomat with forty years of Korea-related experience, including as U.S. Ambassador to South Korea, this seminar course will review the history of U.S.-North Korea relations, examining diplomatic, economic, military, and other policy tools. The aim is to develop a broader context for understanding the North Korean challenge, identify lessons to be learned, and develop approaches going forward.

INTLPOL 244. U.S. Policy toward Northeast Asia. 5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 244) Case study approach to the study of contemporary U.S. policy towards Japan, Korea, and China. Historical evolution of U.S. foreign policy and the impact of issues such as democratization, human rights, trade, security relations, military modernization, and rising nationalism on U.S. policy. Case studies include U.S.-Japan trade tensions, anti-Americanism in Korea, and cross-straits relations between China and Taiwan. Satisfies the IPS Policy Writing Requirement.

INTLPOL 245. Does Google Need a Foreign Policy? Private Corporations & International Security in the Digital Age. 4 Units.

(Formerly IPS 245) Facebook has more users than any nation has citizens. Apple CEO Tim Cook speaks more often with Chinese President Xi Jinping than President Trump does. Google's revenues exceed the GDPs of more than half the world's countries. Cybersecurity companies produce weapons that once only foreign governments wielded. These and other technology companies are increasingly caught in the maw of global politics whether it's entering challenging new foreign markets, developing platforms that enable millions of people around the world to organize for both noble and nefarious aims, or developing products that can become tools of intelligence agencies worldwide for surveillance, counterintelligence, and information warfare. In several respects, tech companies wield more power than governments. We examine the changing role of corporations in international politics, the role of the state, and critical challenges that large technology companies face today in particular. We discuss contending perspectives about key issues with guest lectures by industry and US government leaders as well as simulations of foreign policy crises from the board room to the White House Situation Room. No background in political science or computer science is required. Admission based on application. Instructor consent required. See course notes for details.
Same as: PUBLPOL 245

INTLPOL 246. China on the World Stage. 4 Units.

(Formerly IPS 246) China's reemergence as a global player is transforming both China and the international system. Other nations view China's rise with a mixture of admiration, anxiety, and opportunism. Some welcome China's rise as a potential counterweight to US preeminence; others fear the potential consequences of Sino-American rivalry and erosion of the US-led international system that has fostered unprecedented peace and prosperity. This course provides an overview of China's engagement with countries in all regions and on a wide range of issues since it launched the policy of opening and reform in 1978. The goal is to provide a broad overview and systematic comparisons across regions and issues, and to examine how China's global engagement has changed over time.

INTLPOL 246C. China and the Global Order. 4 Units.

(Course is available only to students participating in Stanford's SCPKU study abroad program in Beijing, which is operated by the Stanford Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI).) China's reemergence as a global player is transforming both China and the international system. Other nations view China's rise with a mixture of admiration, anxiety, and opportunism. Some welcome China's rise as a potential counterweight to US preeminence; others fear the potential consequences of Sino-American rivalry and erosion of the US-led international system that has fostered unprecedented peace and prosperity. There is a natural temptation to "hedge" but doing so entails significant risks. This course provides an overview of China's engagement with countries in all regions and on a wide range of issues since it launched the policy of reform and opening in 1978. The goal is to provide a broad overview and systematic comparisons across regions and issues, and to examine how China's global engagement has changed over time.

INTLPOL 247C. Chinese Society in the Reform Era. 3-5 Units.

(Course is available only to students participating in Stanford's SCPKU study abroad program in Beijing, which is operated by the Stanford Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI).) This course is a broad survey of the transformations that have reshaped China since the end of the 1970s, and the prospects for China¿s continued prosperity. The course places China¿s trajectory in comparative perspective¿especially with the other socialist planned economies and East Asian ¿miracle¿ economies. We will examine the political institutions and fiscal and financial systems that have powered a four decade economic drive, and a series of related topics: urbanization, housing privatization, migratory labor, rising inequality, and the emergence of a large urban ¿middle class¿. We will then consider current and prospective challenges to China¿s continued economic rise: an aging population, shrinking labor force, China¿s response to the world financial crisis of 2008 and its lingering consequences. We will end the course by evaluating a range of different views about the challenges facing China¿s continued rise.
Same as: SOC 247C

INTLPOL 248C. Key Issues in Chinese Politics. 4-5 Units.

(Course is available only to students participating in Stanford's SCPKU study abroad program in Beijing, which is operated by the Stanford Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI).) A broad overview of China's politics and the role of the state in the economy. It will cover party and government organization, including central-local relations, and the challenges of governance that have emerged as China has moved from a central-planned Leninist system to a market economy. What institutions have allowed China to thrive while other communist states in the world have disappeared? How has the Chinese Communist Party managed to develop markets and yet keep itself in power? What avenues are there for political participation? What is the role of the internet? What are the prospects for political change? How resilient is the party in the face of technological and economic change?.
Same as: POLISCI 248C, POLISCI 348C

INTLPOL 249C. The Economic Development of Greater China: Past, Present, and Future.. 4-5 Units.

(Course is available only to students participating in Stanford's SCPKU study abroad program in Beijing, which is operated by the Stanford Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI).) A survey of economic development in China with emphasis on understanding the process of economic reform, transition and development during the past 20 years. One goal is to help students develop an informed perspective on the different historical stages, economic and political rationale, and effectiveness of the economic policies and institutional changes that have shaped China's economic emergence. A second and more important goal is to study the Chinese development experience in order to think critically about the process of economic and social change. China's experiment with socialism and its efforts to reform into a more market-oriented system make it a particularly compelling case study for understanding how institutions and institutional change affect economic and social development.

INTLPOL 250. International Conflict Resolution. 2 Units.

(Formerly IPS 250) (Same as LAW 5009; formerly Law 656) This seminar examines the challenges of managing and resolving intractable political and violent intergroup and international conflicts. Employing an interdisciplinary approach drawing on social psychology, political science, game theory, and international law, the course identifies various tactical, psychological, and structural barriers that can impede the achievement of efficient solutions to conflicts. We will explore a conceptual framework for conflict management and resolution that draws not only on theoretical insights, but also builds on historical examples and practical experience in the realm of conflict resolution. This approach examines the need for the parties to conflicts to address the following questions in order to have prospects of creating peaceful relationships: (1) how can the parties to conflict develop a vision of a mutually bearable shared future; (2) how can parties develop trust in the enemy; (3) how can each side be persuaded, as part of a negotiated settlement, to accept losses that it will find very painful; and (4) how do we overcome the perceptions of injustice that each side are likely to have towards any compromise solution? We will consider both particular conflicts, such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the South African transition to majority rule, as well as cross-cutting issues, such as the role international legal rules play in facilitating or impeding conflict resolution, the ways intragroup dynamics affect intergroup conflict resolution efforts, and the role of criminal accountability for atrocities following civil wars. Special Instructions: Section 01: Grades will be based on class participation, written assignments, and a final exam. Section 02: Up to five students, with consent of the instructor, will have the option to write an independent research paper for Research (R) credit in lieu of the written assignments and final exam for Section 01. After the term begins, students (max 5) accepted into the course can transfer from section (01) into section (02), which meets the R requirement, with consent of the instructor.
Same as: PSYCH 383

INTLPOL 251. Cybersecurity: A Legal and Technical Perspective. 2 Units.

(Formerly IPS 251) This class will use the case method to teach basic computer, network, and information security from technology, law, policy, and business perspectives. Using real world topics, we will study the technical, legal, policy, and business aspects of an incident or issue and its potential solutions. The case studies will be organized around the following topics: vulnerability disclosure, state sponsored sabotage, corporate and government espionage, credit card theft, theft of embarrassing personal data, phishing and social engineering attacks, denial of service attacks, attacks on weak session management and URLs, security risks and benefits of cloud data storage, wiretapping on the Internet, and digital forensics. Students taking the class will learn about the techniques attackers use, applicable legal prohibitions, rights, and remedies, the policy context, and strategies in law, policy and business for managing risk. Grades will be based on class participation, two reflection papers, and a final exam. Special Instructions: This class is limited to 65 students, with an effort made to have students from Stanford Law School (30 students will be selected by lottery) and students from Computer Science (30 students) and International Policy Studies (5 students). Elements used in grading: Class Participation (20%), Written Assignments (40%), Final Exam (40%). Cross-listed with the Law School (Law 4004) and International Policy Studies (IPS course number TBD).
Same as: CS 203

INTLPOL 252. The Risk in the Wires: The New Organizational Priority of Cyber Risk Management. 4-5 Units.

Our businesses, critical infrastructure and governments are under attack. Cyberattacks can be extremely complex or equally simple and reckless. Because of the unique attributes of cyberattacks, new risk management approaches are required to properly manage the cyber threat. Organizations must incorporate cyber risk management into business continuity planning. Technical security tools are useful, but not enough to protect organizations from cyber threats. Non-technical tools such as cyber insurance and the emerging field of defensive social engineering can complement technical solutions. Cyber metrics are essential to measuring and managing an organization¿s risk exposure and cyber defense budget. Policy and law is still emerging and extremely important for managing cyber risk. We will explore all these topics through this highly interactive course.

INTLPOL 253C. Cyber Conflict. 4-5 Units.

Cyber conflict, as a topic of study, is both young and old. The core technologies used in offensive cyber operations were subject to debate and experimental implementation in the `60s while the policy debates over ransomware and leaks of government authored espionage malware are only a few years old. Drawing from a variety of academic and government sources, this course serves as an introduction to the contemporary policy debates and challenges of cyber conflict. Major issues this class surveys include state-and-non state cyber activity, US Cyber Strategy, the role of the private sector, cyber proliferation, and alliance behavior.

INTLPOL 255. Policy Practicum: Rethinking INTERPOL's Governance Model. 1-3 Unit.

(Formerly IPS 255) Today, the international community faces increasingly complex security challenges arising from transnational criminal activities. Effective international cooperation among police agencies is critical in combatting cross-boundary criminal threats like terrorism, human and drug trafficking, and cybercrime. INTERPOL¿the world¿s largest police organization¿strives to innovate to adequately respond to the evolving threat landscape and remain at the forefront of global policing efforts. As a leader in global policing efforts, INTERPOL launched the INTERPOL 2020 Initiative to review the organization's strategy and develop a roadmap for strengthening its policing capabilities. INTERPOL 2020 will provide the strategic framework to ensure the Organization remains a leader and respected voice in global security matters. Students in Stanford-Interpol Policy Lab will work directly with INTERPOL senior stakeholders (via video-conferencing and email) to contribute to INERPOL 2020 Initiative and enhance its role to better counter transnational cyber-crime and terrorism. Students may have opportunities to travel to INTERPOL headquarters in Lyon over the Spring Break for meetings with clients to present our policy guidance. Selected students in the practicum may also have the opportunity to pursue internships and/or externships at the Office of Legal Affairs, INTERPOL General Secretariat in Lyon, France and/or at INTERPOL Global Complex for Innovation in Singapore. Open to graduate students from outside the Law School and, in exceptional cases, to advanced undergraduate students, the practicum seeks those who demonstrate strong interest and background in global security and international law, organizational behavior, and strategic management. This practicum takes place for two quarters (Fall and Winter). Although students may enroll for either one or both quarters, we will give preference to students who commit to enrolling in both quarters. Autumn Quarter is offered for 3 units. Winter Quarter is offered for 3 units. Practicum will meet weekly during Fall and Winter Quarters on Wednesdays, from 9:00-10:30 am and hold periodic discussion sessions with senior INTERPOL officials via VCT. Elements used in grading: Attendance, Class participation, Written Assignments, Oral Briefings, Final Paper. CONSENT APPLICATION: To apply for this course, students must complete and submit a Consent Application Form available on the SLS website (Click Courses at the bottom of the homepage and then click Consent of Instructor Forms). See Consent Application Form for instructions and submission deadline. Cross-listed with LAW 805Z.

INTLPOL 264. Behind the Headlines: An Introduction to US Foreign Policy in South and East Asia. 3-5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 264) Introduction to India, Af-Pak and China. Analyzes historical forces that shaped the region, recent history and current state of key countries: the economic and political rise of India and China; rise of the Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan; Pakistan's government, military, and mullahs; and China's impact on the region. nExplores U.S. policy in depth: U.S. intervention in- and upcoming withdrawal from Afghanistan, U.S. relations with Pakistan and India, the "pivot to Asia" and its implications for US-China relations and the strategic balance in Asia. nSatisfies the IPS policy writing requirement.

INTLPOL 266. Managing Nuclear Waste: Technical, Political and Organizational Challenges. 3 Units.

(Formerly IPS 266) The essential technical and scientific elements of the nuclear fuel cycle, focusing on the sources, types, and characteristics of the nuclear waste generated, as well as various strategies for the disposition of spent nuclear fuel - including reprocessing, transmutation, and direct geologic disposal. Policy and organizational issues, such as: options for the characteristics and structure of a new federal nuclear waste management organization, options for a consent-based process for locating nuclear facilities, and the regulatory framework for a geologic repository. A technical background in the nuclear fuel cycle, while desirable, is not required.
Same as: GEOLSCI 266

INTLPOL 268. Hack Lab. 3 Units.

(Formerly IPS 268) This course combines lectures with hands-on labs to give students a solid understanding of the most common types of attacks used in cybercrime and cyberwarfare. Taught by a long-time cybersecurity practitioner, each session will begin with a lecture covering the basics of an area of technology and how that technology has been misused in the past. Students will then complete a lab section, with the guidance of the instructor and assistants, where they attack a known insecure system using techniques and tools seen in the field. By the end of the course, students are expected to have a working knowledge of the most popular hacking techniques seen in the wild and the basic skills necessary to power further exploration. Students are required to bring a Windows or Mac laptop and will be provided with testing virtual machines. No computer science background is required. Students must enroll in the lecture as well as one discussion section via Axess.

INTLPOL 269. Cyber Law: International and Domestic Legal Frameworks for Cyber Policy. 3-4 Units.

(Formerly IPS 269) Was Russia's interference in the 2016 U.S. elections an act of war? When do cyber attacks constitute a use of force? Is sovereignty in cyberspace different than in other domains, and can states meaningfully defend their sovereignty in cyberspace? Is hacking back against cyber thieves the legal equivalent of defending one's own property? This course explores the domestic and international law of cyberspace and its application to significant practical challenges. It also addresses broader legal policy questions, including the extent to which law acts as a constraint on state and non-state actors in cyberspace, whether the application of existing law to cyber activities is sufficient or new laws and norms are needed, and how they could be developed. Policy and law students are welcome; no previous legal knowledge is required. (Cross-listed with LAW 4035.).

INTLPOL 270. The Geopolitics of Energy. 3-5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 270) The global energy landscape is undergoing seismic shifts with game-changing economic, political and environmental ramifications. Technological breakthroughs are expanding the realms of production, reshuffling the competition among different sources of energy and altering the relative balance of power between energy exporters and importers. The US shale oil and gas bonanza is replacing worries about foreign oil dependence with an exuberance about the domestic resurgence of energy-intensive sectors. China¿s roaring appetite for energy imports propels its national oil companies to global prominence. Middle Eastern nations that used to reap power from oil wealth are bracing for a struggle for political relevance. Many African energy exporters are adopting promising strategies to break with a history dominated by the ¿resource curse¿.nThis course provides students with the knowledge, skill set and professional network to analyze how the present and past upheavals in oil and gas markets affect energy exporters and importers, their policymaking, and their relative power. Students will gain a truly global perspective thanks to a series of exciting international guest speakers and the opportunity to have an impact by working on a burning issue for a real world client. Satisfies the IPS Policy Writing Requirement.

INTLPOL 271. Climate Politics: Science and Global Governance. 3-4 Units.

(Formerly IPS 271) Provides a unique perspective on contemporary debates about climate change through a study of their long history. After some background about climate science and a look at how people thought about climate in the 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries, we explore the co-evolution of climate science and climate politics from World War II to the present. The approach is to examine a series of political issues and debates that established human effects on the global atmosphere as serious problems. We then focus on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the 2015 Paris Agreement, and the future of international climate policy. Assignments include in-class presentations and a policy brief.
Same as: HISTORY 202J

INTLPOL 272. Empirical Methods in Sustainable Development. 3-5 Units.

The determinants of human well-being over the short and long-run, including the role of environmental factors in shaping development outcomes. A focus on the empirical literature across both social and natural sciences, with discussion and assignments emphasizing empirical analysis of environment-development linkages, application of methods in causal inference, and data visualization.
Same as: ESS 268

INTLPOL 274. International Urbanization Seminar: Cross-Cultural Collaboration for Sustainable Urban Development. 4-5 Units.

(formerly IPS 274) Comparative approach to sustainable cities, with focus on international practices and applicability to China. Tradeoffs regarding land use, infrastructure, energy and water, and the need to balance economic vitality, environmental quality, cultural heritage, and social equity. Student teams collaborate with Chinese faculty and students partners to support urban sustainability projects. Limited enrollment via application; see internationalurbanization.org for details. Prerequisites: consent of the instructor(s).
Same as: CEE 126, EARTHSYS 138, URBANST 145

INTLPOL 280. Transitional Justice, Human Rights, and International Criminal Tribunals. 3-5 Units.

(Formerly IPS 280) Historical backdrop of the Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals. The creation and operation of the Yugoslav and Rwanda Tribunals (ICTY and ICTR). The development of hybrid tribunals in East Timor, Sierra Leone, and Cambodia, including evaluation of their success in addressing perceived shortcomings of the ICTY and ICTR. Examination of the role of the International Criminal Court and the extent to which it will succeed in supplanting all other ad hoc international justice mechanisms and fulfill its goals. Analysis focuses on the politics of creating such courts, their interaction with the states in which the conflicts took place, the process of establishing prosecutorial priorities, the body of law they have produced, and their effectiveness in addressing the needs of victims in post-conflict societies.
Same as: ETHICSOC 280, HUMRTS 103, INTNLREL 180A

INTLPOL 281. Global Poverty and the Law. 3 Units.

(Formerly IPS 281) With more than a billion people living on less than $2 a day, global poverty is one of the biggest challenges currently facing humanity. Even though those who suffer the most are located in the developing world, many of the policies, economic opportunities, and legal actions that offer the biggest potential for global poverty alleviation are made in the United States. This course will provide an introduction to the study of global poverty. What causes poverty? Why have some parts of the developing world done better at alleviating poverty than other parts? Can the world ever be free of poverty, as the World Bank's official motto suggests? And most importantly, what can aspiring lawyers do to improve the condition of the world's impoverished? These are some of the questions this course is designed to address. This course is designed especially for future lawyers and policymakers who seek a deeper understanding of the developing world. After a brief overview that will familiarize students with the major concepts and empirical debates in poverty and development studies, we will examine a variety of 'causes' of poverty, from poor governance to lack of economic opportunity to the role of society. Since this course is just as much about what can be done, we shall also consider applied approaches to poverty alleviation. These types of interventions include political/legal reforms such as anti-corruption initiatives, 'rule of law' interventions, right to information programs, privatization, and community-driven development models; economic solutions such as cash transfers and microfinance; and technological approaches such as new methods for measuring policy impact and the application of new technologies for state identification and distribution programs. In addition to more typical scholarly readings, students will review poverty alleviation policy proposals and contracts made by various stakeholders (academics, NGOs, states, international bodies, etc.). Grading is based on participation, a presentation of research or a proposal, and, in consultation with the professor, a research paper. The research paper may be a group project (Section 01) graded MP/R/F or an individual in-depth research proposal either of which could be the basis for future field research (Section 02) graded H/P/R/F. Students approved for Section 01 or Section 02 may receive R credit. After the term begins, students accepted into the course can transfer from Section 01 into Section 02 with consent of the instructor. Automatic grading penalty waived for research paper. This course is taught in conjunction with the India Field Study component ( Law 5026). Students may enroll for this course alone or for both this course and Law 5026 with consent of the instructor (12 students will come to India). See Law 5026 for application instructions. CONSENT APPLICATION: To apply for this course, students must complete and submit a Consent Application Form available on the SLS website (Click Courses at the bottom of the homepage and then click Consent of Instructor Forms). See Consent Application Form for instructions and submission deadline. Cross-listed with LAW 5025.

INTLPOL 285. The United States, China, & Global Security. 2 Units.

This graduate-level seminar will be taught simultaneously on the campuses of Stanford University and Peking University and will feature a lecture series in which prominent American and Chinese scholars provide presentations that focus on key global security issues. The course content will highlight topics relevant to current U.S.- China relations and their respective roles in Asian and global security. Proposed lecture topics include: an introduction to U.S.- China relations; finance, trade, and investment; cyber security; nonproliferation; maritime security; terrorism; and energy and the environment. Hosted jointly by Stanford University and Peking University, enrollment will be limited to 20 students at each campus and, at Stanford, will be restricted to graduate students and undergraduates with senior standing. Enrollment is competitive, so potential students must complete an application by March 12, 2018 at 5pm: https://web.stanford.edu/dept/CEAS/EASTASN285.fb.
Same as: EASTASN 285

INTLPOL 290. Practical Approaches to Global Health Research. 3 Units.

(Formerly IPS 290) How do you come up with an idea for health research overseas? How do you develop a research question, concept note, and get your project funded? How do you manage personnel in the field, difficult cultural situations, or unexpected problems? How do you create a sampling strategy, select a study design, and ensure ethical conduct with human subjects? This course takes students through the process of health research in under-resourced countries from the development of the initial research question and literature review to securing support and detailed planning for field work. Students progressively develop and receive weekly feedback on a concept note to support a funding proposal addressing a research question of their choosing. Aims at graduate students; undergraduates in their junior or senior year may enroll with instructor consent. This course is restricted to undergraduates unless they have completed 85 units or more.
Same as: HRP 237, MED 226

INTLPOL 298. Practical Training. 1-3 Unit.

(Formerly IPS 298) Students obtain internship in a relevant research or industrial activity to enhance their professional experience consistent with their degree program and area of concentration. Prior to enrolling, students must get the internship approved by the program's careers manager. At the end of the quarter, a three page final report must be supplied documenting work done and relevance to degree program. Meets the requirements for Curricular Practical Training for students on F-1 visas. Student is responsible for arranging own internship. Limited to International Policy Studies (IPS) and International Policy (INTLPOL) students only. May be repeated for credit.

INTLPOL 299. Directed Reading. 1-5 Unit.

(Formerly IPS 299) IPS students only. May be repeated for credit.

INTLPOL 300. Policy Seminar for MIP. 1 Unit.

(Formerly IPS 300) Seminars and speaker series offered by programs and centers at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies. Quarterly, students must attend a minimum of eight sessions that are relevant to their area of specialization. Details on speaker series and colloquia available on course Canvas site. Required for, and limited to, first-year M.A. students in International Policy. May be repeated for credit.

INTLPOL 300S. Leading Effective Teams. 1-2 Unit.

In this interactive course students will develop practical skills for leading effective teams, and will apply their learning in group projects (1st year) and in their practicum (2nd year). Topics include understanding of group development stages and different work styles, setting and tracking group norms, developing mutual accountability mechanisms to ensure productivity, creating efficient decision making processes, resolving conflict, and leveraging cultural diversity. Enrollment limited to first-year students in International Policy.

INTLPOL 301A. Research Methods and Policy Applications I. 5 Units.

The first quarter will cover the fundamentals of probability theory and statistics that students need in order to read, critically evaluate, and undertake policy-relevant quantitative research. Topics covered include random variables, probability distributions and their moments, inference, estimation, hypothesis testing, statistical power, and ordinary least squares regression. We will devote substantial time to "learning by doing" using statistics software. Students will use the R programming language to learn the basics of programming, generate data, manipulate real-world datasets, and demonstrate/visualize theoretical concepts in statistics and mathematics. We will present examples of real-world research and students will evaluate and demonstrate the extent to which it matches up with concepts covered in lecture.

INTLPOL 301B. Research Methods and Policy Applications II. 5 Units.

We will build on the basic knowledge of statistical methods from the previous quarter to further develop fundamentals for the design, implementation and interpretation of policy-relevant research. We will compare common observational and experimental research methodologies, with significant attention devoted to explaining the details of research design and associated assumptions. Topics include causal inference, the average treatment effect, sample size selection, partial compliance, selection bias and methods for accounting for it. Development of critical reading skills is emphasized through regular discussions of academic journal articles and popular media accounts of research. Practical aspects of undertaking research will also be covered, including efficient and cost-effective data collection, field team supervision, budget management, and ethical considerations. Once again, we will make extensive use of R software.

INTLPOL 302. The Global Economy. 5 Units.

This course examines the economic inter-connectedness of nations. Among the topics covered are the causes and consequences of current account imbalances, exchange rate determination, monetary unification, financial and currency crises, and contagion. In addition, the course includes an assessment of key global financial institutions, such as the International Monetary Fund, and the global effort to reform the international financial architecture. The goal of the course is to equip students with the tools to analyze international macroeconomic issues, events, and policies. Students will analyze economic data of countries with a view to assessing the economic health and vulnerabilities of countries. They will propose policies to address the identified economic vulnerabilities, and will assess the feasibility of policy implementation. In addition, the ¿In the News¿ segment in class will discuss and analyze current events in areas relevant to the course. (This course was formerly IPS 202.).

INTLPOL 305. International Relations Theory and Practice in the 21st Century. 5 Units.

A review of major theoretical approaches to international relations including realism, liberalism, constructivism, and domestic politics and an examination of major episodes including the first world war, second world war, Cold War, US and Soviet interventions, and terrorism.

INTLPOL 306. Decision Making in U.S. Foreign Policy. 5 Units.

This course provides students with a theoretical and practical overview of the key elements of U.S. foreign policy, with a particular focus on the challenges, dilemmas, and constraints faced by contemporary U.S. decision makers in the executive branch. It is divided into three sections. The first discusses U.S. strategy from the founding of the republic to the present day. The second describes the major elements of national power used to advance U.S. interests and objectives: force, economic instruments, intelligence, and diplomacy. The third focuses on the key processes and constraints affecting national security policy, including bureaucratic politics and the interagency process, civil-military relations, constraints imposed by the U.S. Congress, and the role of outside influences (public opinion, interest groups, think tanks, and the media). (Enrollment limited to first-year students in International Policy.).

INTLPOL 307. Leadership and Implementation. 3-4 Units.

(Formerly IPS 216) This course attempts to teach how to make change in the real world by focusing on policy implementation: what skilled leaders do when they engage stakeholders, confront opposition, prioritize goals, find and marshal resources, fail and learn, and sometimes succeed. MIP students must take this course for 4 units to satisfy the core curriculum requirement.

INTLPOL 310. Engineering Policy Change. 4 Units.

Practicum with real-world partners to define solutions to pressing policy problems. Students work in teams and are guided by the teaching team, along with project-specific advice from a faculty mentor and an external advisor. Students may also travel in order to collect data and meet with stakeholders. The practicum takes place winter and spring quarters of the second year and revolves around a cutting-edge policy-making framework. Drawing from methods learned in the core courses, each group will work through the framework in parallel, analyzing their problem, developing a solution, and navigating a successful implementation. (Enrollment limited to second-year International Policy students.).

INTLPOL 310A. Practicum Field Research. 1 Unit.

Students travel with their practicum teams to collaborate with partner organizations, gather data, perform assessments, and analyze in-country aspects of their capstone project. (Limited to International Policy students enrolled concurrently in INTLPOL 310: Engineering Policy Change.).

INTLPOL 320. Comparative Technology Security Policy. 1-2 Unit.

Exploring the technological and policy similarities and differences among cybersecurity, biosecurity, nuclear security, and chemical security, this seminar will enable students to understand the history of security and preparedness measures for newly-developed technologies, and analyze how policy proposals conceptualize technologies either de novo by analogy with other security domains. As the focus of defense organizations shifts from nuclear security to cybersecurity and biosecurity, what lessons from other domains can be applied and in what ways must these new domains be governed differently from other types of dual-use technology? How do concepts of deterrence, surveillance, dual-use research and development, attribution, and proportional response differ among cyber, bio, nuclear, and chemical security domains? Are proposals for a ¿cyber FDA¿, ¿letters of marque in cyberspace¿, or ¿export controls on genomes¿ realistic or useful analogies? Policies and acts nstudied include CISA/CISPA, the DoD Cyber Strategy, the Biological Weapons Act, TSCA, the Nunn-Lugar Act, the Chemical Weapons Convention, Chemical Weapons Accord, Geneva Protocol, and the Atomic Energy Act. Students will write policy memos and produce a technical analysis of a current policy recommendation with reference to other comparative security domains.

INTLPOL 321. Fundamentals of cyber policy and security. 4-5 Units.

This course is intended to provide the background to understand cybersecurity events that are in the news nearly every day. Several themes unify the course: the different meanings of cybersecurity and the different challenges to different stakeholders; the underlying foundational principles of information technology that drive the rapid evolution and emergence of architectures, specific technologies, and vulnerabilities; the importance of non-technical aspects of cybersecurity (e.g., politics, law, economics, and psychology) for better cybersecurity; and the various trade-offs inherent in regarding cybersecurity. Class presentations will be a mix of lecture and discussion, with a bias towards the latter. Some experience with programming (at the level of CS 106 A) is helpful but not necessary.

INTLPOL 322. Modern Surveillance Law. 2 Units.

This seminar provides an in depth look at modern government surveillance law, policies and practices. It is taught by Richard Salgado, director of law enforcement and information security at Google and a former prosecutor at the U.S. Department of Justice's Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section, and Todd Hinnen, a partner at Perkins Coie and a former head of U.S. Department of Justice's National Security Division. The course will cover the technology, law and policy of government surveillance of the Internet and other communications technologies. We will focus on U.S. government surveillance for national security, criminal law enforcement and public safety purposes, but also address the relationship with other jurisdictions. Technologies and practices covered will include wiretapping, stored data collection and mining, location tracking and developing eavesdropping techniques. Legal regimes will include the Fourth Amendment, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, the USA Freedom Act, USA Patriot Act, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, and CALEA among others. Elements used in grading: Two papers, timely submission of topics and outlines, and class participation.nCross-listed with LAW 4015 (Formerly Law 692).

INTLPOL 323. Free Speech, Democracy and the Internet. 2-3 Units.

(LAW 7082) This course will cover contemporary challenges to democracy presented by the Internet. Topics will include disinformation, polarization, hate speech, media transformation, election integrity, and legal regulation of internet platforms in the U.S. and abroad. Guest speakers from academia and industry will present on these topics in each class session, followed by a discussion. Students will be responsible for one-page papers each week on the readings and a research paper to be turned in at the fall paper deadline. Students can take the seminar for either 2 or 3 units, depending on the research paper length. This class is limited to 30 students, with an effort made to have students from SLS (20 students will be selected by lottery) and 10 non-law students by consent of instructor. Elements used in grading: Attendance, Class Participation, Written Assignments, Final Paper. Cross-listed with COMM 153B/ 253B.

INTLPOL 350. International Law. 4 Units.

(LAW 5013) This course provides a general introduction to international law and its role in today's complex and interdependent world. We will begin by considering fundamental questions about the nature of international law, such as: the origins of international law in the sovereign equality of states; the sources of international law (including treaties and customary international law); the subjects of international law; principles of state responsibility; the bases upon which states may exercise jurisdiction; and the global governance challenges arising from the absence of assured mechanisms for the interpretation or enforcement of international law. We will then examine the operation of international law in the U.S. legal system. In the second half of the course, we will look at a series of contemporary international law topics and issues, including international human rights law, the law governing coercion and the use of armed force, the law of armed conflict, international environmental law, and international criminal law. Throughout, we will consider current issues and problems arising in the international arena and the extent to which international law affects the behavior of states. This course provides a general grounding in public international law and a foundation for more advanced or specialized international law courses. Elements used in grading: Class participation, optional paper, and final exam. (Formally Law 479).

INTLPOL 351. Law of Democracy. 3 Units.

(LAW 7036) This course is intended to give students a basic understanding of the themes in the legal regulation of elections and politics. We will cover all the major Supreme Court cases on topics of voting rights, reapportionment/redistricting, ballot access, regulation of political parties, campaign finance, and the 2000 presidential election controversy. The course pays particular attention to competing political philosophies and empirical assumptions that underlie the Court's reasoning while still focusing on the cases as litigation tools used to serve political ends. Elements used in grading: Class participation and final exam. Cross-listed with COMM 361 POLISCI 327C. (Formerly Law 577).

INTLPOL 352. State Building and the Rule of Law Seminar. 3 Units.

(LAW 5103) This Seminar is centrally concerned with bridging theory and practice. The seminar introduces the key theories relevant to state-building generally, and strengthening the rule of law in particular. This course explores the multidisciplinary nature of development --- through readings, lectures, guest lectures, case studies, and seminar discussions --- and asks how lawyers fit in and contribute to the process? The set of developing countries considered within the scope of this workshop is broad. It includes, among others, states engaged in post-conflict reconstruction, e.g., Cambodia, Timor Leste, Rwanda, Iraq, Sierra Leone; states still in conflict, e.g., Afghanistan, Somalia; the poorest states of the world that may not fall neatly into the categories of conflict or post-conflict, e.g., Nepal, Haiti; least developed states that are not marked by high levels of violent conflict at all, e.g., Bhutan; and more developed states at critical stages of transition, e.g., Tunisia, Georgia, Hungary. Grading is based on participation, a presentation of research or a proposal, and, in consultation with the professor, a research paper. The research paper may be a group project or an individual in-depth research proposal, either of which could be the basis for future field research. CONSENT APPLICATION: The seminar is open by consent to up to sixteen (16) JD, SPILS, and LLM students, and graduate students from other departments within Stanford University. This course is taught in conjunction with the India Field Study component (Law 5026). Students may enroll for this course alone or for both this course and Law 5026 with consent of the instructor (12 students will come to India). To apply for this course, students must complete and submit a Consent Application Form available on the SLS website (Click Courses at the bottom of the homepage and then click Consent of Instructor Forms). See Consent Application Form for instructions and submission deadline. (Formerly Law 259).

INTLPOL 355. International Human rights. 3 Units.

(LAW 5010) An introduction to the theory and practice of human rights. We will examine major sources of international human rights law---including treaties, customary international law, and national law---as well as the institutions in which human rights are contested, adjudicated, and enforced. Key sites of human rights activity include multilateral organizations, like the United Nations Security Council and Human Rights Council; international, regional, and national courts and tribunals; and quasi-judicial treaty bodies, like the U.N. Committee Against Torture. This degree of jurisdictional redundancy offers an opportunity to explore questions of institutional design and interaction as well as processes of normative diffusion. The course will also consider the role of non-state actors---including non-governmental organizations, corporations, terrorist organizations, and ordinary individuals---in promoting and violating human rights. In addition to this survey of the human rights ecosystem, the course will engage some of the fundamental theoretical debates underlying the international human rights project with a focus on perennial questions of legitimacy, justiciability, compliance, and efficacy. Finally, we will explore a range of threats and challenges to the promotion of human rights---both perennial and novel---including economic under-development, terrorism, national security over-reach, patriarchy, and racism. We will read case law originating from all over the world, including the United States. Special Instructions: Students have the option to write a long research paper in lieu of the final exam with consent of instructor. Elements used in grading: Class participation; exam or final long research paper. (Formerly Law 330).

INTLPOL 356. Human trafficking: Law and Policy. 3 Units.

(LAW 5034) Taking an historical and comparative perspective, this course will introduce students to the international, domestic, foreign, and sub-national law governing the many manifestations of human trafficking (including legal prohibitions on forced labor and modern forms of slavery, sexual exploitation, organ trafficking, and child soldiering). We will also explore the diplomatic and policy tools employed by state and local governments to tackle this phenomenon. Class sessions will be comprised of a combination of lectures, seminar discussions, and guest speakers. Students have the option of completing a research paper or a take-home final exam. The first eight weeks of the course will coincide with the first eight weeks of winter quarter and will be conducted at Stanford Law School. Enrollment in the Thailand field study option is limited to 12 students (See Law 5035 for application instructions and deadline). Elements used in grading: Attendance, Class Participation, Written Assignments; Final Exam, or Final Research Paper.

INTLPOL 801. TGR Project. 0 Units.

(Formerly IPS 801).

INTLPOL 802. TGR Dissertation. 0 Units.

(Formerly IPS 802).