Catalog Navigation

PHYSICS 45. Light and Heat. 4 Units.

What is temperature? How do the elementary processes of mechanics, which are intrinsically reversible, result in phenomena that are clearly irreversible when applied to a very large number of particles, the ultimate example being life? In thermodynamics, students discover that the approach of classical mechanics is not sufficient to deal with the extremely large number of particles present in a macroscopic amount of gas. The paradigm of thermodynamics leads to a deeper understanding of real-world phenomena such as energy conversion and the performance limits of thermal engines. In optics, students see how a geometrical approach allows the design of optical systems based on reflection and refraction, while the wave nature of light leads to interference phenomena. The two approaches come together in understanding the diffraction limit of microscopes and telescopes. Discussions based on the language of mathematics, particularly calculus. Physical understanding fostered by peer interaction and demonstrations in lecture, and discussion sections based on interactive group problem solving. Prerequisite: PHYSICS 41 or equivalent. MATH 21 or MATH 51 or CME 100 or equivalent.

Graduate Degrees

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/graduatedegrees/

...MA/MS/MSM 45 0* 45 MA/MS...must maintain a significant physical presence on campus...

Graduate School of Education

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofeducation/

...complete a minimum of 45-48 units at...biology, chemistry, earth science, physics), and History/Social...

School of Engineering

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofengineering/

...to have either PHYSICS 65 or the combination of PHYSICS 45 and PHYSICS 70 count...

Undergraduate Degrees and Programs

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/undergraduatedegreesandprograms/

...PHYSICS 41 , PHYSICS 43 , and PHYSICS 45 ; or PHYSICS 23 and PHYSICS 25 4 Physics...

Undergraduate Major Unit Requirements

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/undergraduatemajorunitreq/

...114-121 Engineering Physics min. 48 min. 45 min. 93 at least 45 units in...

Earth Systems

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofearthsciences/earthsystems/

...calculus, chemistry, geology, and physics, as well as...students: A minimum of 45 units of course...

Energy Resources Engineering

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofearthsciences/energyresourcesengineering/

...geology, geophysics, mathematics, and physics. Applied courses cover...student for at least 45 units. Submit a...

Earth System Science

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofearthsciences/environmentalearthsystemscience/

...requires 45 unduplicated units of which all 45...of biology, chemistry, and physics to study problems...

Geological Sciences

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofearthsciences/geologicalandenvironmentalsciences/

...address: the chemical and physical makeup and properties...three full-time quarters (45 units at the...

Geophysics

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofearthsciences/geophysics/

...of the Earth through physical measurement. The undergraduate...The candidate must complete 45 units from the...

Aeronautics and Astronautics

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofengineering/aeronauticsandastronautics/

...complete the 45-unit requirement. Practicing courses in, for example, art, music, and physical education...

Bioengineering

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofengineering/bioengineering/

...based Physics ( PHYSICS 41 Mechanics and PHYSICS 43...bachelor's degree plus 45 unduplicated units for...

Chemical Engineering

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofengineering/chemicalengineering/

...which include the chemical, physical, mathematical, and engineering...of a minimum of 45 completed units of...

Civil and Environmental Engineering

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofengineering/civilandenvironmentalengineering/

...and Construction track, it must include PHYSICS 43 or 45. Please note that the only...

Computer Science

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofengineering/computerscience/

...Credit. Either of the PHYSICS sequences 61/63...complete a program of 45 units. At least...

Electrical Engineering

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofengineering/electricalengineering/

...to have either PHYSICS 65 or the combination of PHYSICS 45 and PHYSICS 70 count...

Institute for Computational and Mathematical Engineering

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofengineering/instituteforcomputationalandmathematicalengineering/

...engineering applications in the physical, biological, mathematical, and...s program consists of 45 units of course...

Management Science and Engineering

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofengineering/managementscienceandengineering/

...calculus, engineering fundamentals, and physics or chemistry as...require a minimum of 45 units beyond the...

Mechanical Engineering

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofengineering/mechanicalengineering/

...Calculus , PHYSICS 42 Classical Mechanics Laboratory , and PHYSICS...and science must total 45 units. Math: 24...

Applied Physics

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofhumanitiesandsciences/appliedphysics/

Courses offered by the Department of Applied Physics are listed under the subject code APPPHYS on the Stanford Bulletin's ExploreCourses web site .

Biology

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofhumanitiesandsciences/biology/

...work in biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics. The...courses totaling at least 45 units at or...

Biophysics

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofhumanitiesandsciences/biophysics/

...Immunology) Sebastian Doniach (Physics, Applied Physics) James Ferrell...to make a 30-45 minute presentation of...

Chemistry

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofhumanitiesandsciences/chemistry/

...biophysical or chemical physics, physical chemistry, and organic...degree, a minimum of 45 graduate-level units...

Linguistics

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofhumanitiesandsciences/linguistics/

...and the social and physical sciences. It provides...requires the completion of 45 units; at least...

Philosophy

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofhumanitiesandsciences/philosophy/

...for example, biology, chemistry, physics) for 12 units...requires a minimum of 45 units in philosophy...

Physics

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofhumanitiesandsciences/physics/

Courses offered by the Department of Physics are listed under the subject code PHYSICS on the Stanford Bulletin's ExploreCourses web site .

Community Health & Prevention Research

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofmedicine/chpr/

...Curriculum and Program Requirements (45 units) Community-Based...e.g., poor diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use...

Immunology

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofmedicine/immunology/

...Professor, and Applied Physics and Physics) Biology: Patricia...must complete: At least 45 units of academic...

Neurosciences

http://exploredegrees.stanford.edu/schoolofmedicine/neurosciences/

...of a minimum of 45 unduplicated units of...MacIver, Gregory Scherrer Applied Physics: Surya Ganguli Biochemistry...