**ENERGY 101. Energy and the Environment. 3 Units.**

Energy use in modern society and the consequences of current and future energy use patterns. Case studies illustrate resource estimation, engineering analysis of energy systems, and options for managing carbon emissions. Focus is on energy definitions, use patterns, resource estimation, pollution. Recommended: MATH 21 or 42.

Same as: EARTHSYS 101

**ENERGY 101A. Energizing California. 1 Unit.**

A weekend field trip featuring renewable and nonrenewable energy installations in Northern California. Tour geothermal, bioenergy, and natural gas field sites with expert guides from the Department of Energy Resources Engineering. Requirements: One campus meeting and weekend field trip. Enrollment limited to 25. Freshman have first choice.

**ENERGY 102. Fundamentals of Renewable Power. 3 Units.**

Do you want a much better understanding of renewable power technologies? Did you know that wind and solar are the fastest growing forms of electricity generation? Are you interested in hearing about the most recent, and future, designs for green power? Do you want to understand what limits power extraction from renewable resources and how current designs could be improved? This course dives deep into these and related issues for wind, solar, biomass, geothermal, tidal and wave power technologies. We welcome all student, from non-majors to MBAs and grad students. If you are potentially interested in an energy or environmental related major, this course is particularly useful. Recommended: MATH 21 or 42.

Same as: EARTHSYS 102

**ENERGY 104. Sustainable Energy for 9 Billion. 3 Units.**

This course explores the transition to a sustainable energy system at large scales (national and global), and over long time periods (decades). Explores the drivers of global energy demand and the fundamentals of technologies that can meet this demand sustainably. Focuses on constraints affecting large-scale deployment of technologies, as well as inertial factors affecting this transition. Problems will involve modeling global energy demand, deployment rates for sustainable technologies, technological learning and economics of technical change. Recommended: ENERGY 101, 102.

**ENERGY 110. Engineering Economics. 3 Units.**

The success of energy projects and companies is judged by technical, economic and financial criteria. This course will introduce concepts of engineering economy, e.g., time value of money, life cycle costs and financial metrics, and explore their application to the business of energy. We will use case studies, business school cases and possibly industry guest lecturers. Examples from the hydrocarbon businesses that dominate energy today will provide the framework for the analysis of both conventional and renewable energy.

**ENERGY 120. Fundamentals of Petroleum Engineering. 3 Units.**

Lectures, problems, field trip. Engineering topics in petroleum recovery; origin, discovery, and development of oil and gas. Chemical, physical, and thermodynamic properties of oil and natural gas. Material balance equations and reserve estimates using volumetric calculations. Gas laws. Single phase and multiphase flow through porous media.

Same as: ENGR 120

**ENERGY 120A. Flow Through Porous Media Laboratory. 1 Unit.**

Laboratory measurements of permeability and porosity in rocks. Applications to subsurface fluid mechanics. Course is intended as an accompaniment to ENERGY 120.

**ENERGY 121. Fundamentals of Multiphase Flow. 3 Units.**

Multiphase flow in porous media. Wettability, capillary pressure, imbibition and drainage, Leverett J-function, transition zone, vertical equilibrium. Relative permeabilities, Darcy's law for multiphase flow, fractional flow equation, effects of gravity, Buckley-Leverett theory, recovery predictions, volumetric linear scaling, JBN and Jones-Rozelle determination of relative permeability. Frontal advance equation, Buckley-Leverett equation as frontal advance solution, tracers in multiphase flow, adsorption, three-phase relative permeabilities.

Same as: ENERGY 221

**ENERGY 122. Lunch with Numerics. 1 Unit.**

This course provides students hands-on experience in the design and implementationnof numerical methods for challenging fluid flow problems in the earth sciences.nThe base software used it the public domain code MRST. Students will explorencommon pitfalls of well-known numerical approaches, assess effectivenessnof numerical methods for heterogeneous and strongly nonlinear problems andngain more insight into numerical accuracy and stability concepts.

**ENERGY 123. When Technology Meets Reality; An In-depth Look at the Deepwater Horizon Blowout and Oil Spill. 1 Unit.**

The Deepwater Horizon blowout and spill in April 2010 occurred on one of the most advanced deepwater drilling rigs in the world operated by one of the most experienced companies. In this course we will look at and discuss the technologies and management practices involved in deepwater drilling and discuss how an accident like this happens and what could have been done differently to avoid it. We will focus on the Horizon and also look briefly at other high profile industrial and technological accidents.

**ENERGY 125. Modeling and Simulation for Geoscientists and Engineers. 3 Units.**

Hands-on. Topics include deterministic and statistical modeling applied to problems such as flow in the subsurface, atmospheric pollution, biological populations, wave propagation, and crustal deformation. Student teams define and present a modeling problem.

**ENERGY 12SC. Water and Power in the Pacific Northwest: The Columbia River. 2 Units.**

This seminar will explore the nature of and coupling between water and energy resources in the Pacific Northwest, using the Columbia River as our case study. We will explore the hydrologic, meteorologic, and geologic basis of water and energy resources, and the practical, social, environmental, economic, and political issues surrounding their development in the West. The Columbia River and its watershed provide a revealing prototype for examining these issues. A transnational, multi-state river with the largest residual populations of anadromous salmonids in the continental US, it provides a substantial fraction of the electrical energy produced in the Northwest (the Grand Coulee dam powerhouse on the Columbia is the largest-capacity hydropower facility in the US), it is a major bulk commodity transportation link to the interior West via its barge navigation system, it provides the water diversions supporting a large area of irrigated agriculture in Washington and Idaho, and its watershed is home to significant sources of solar and wind energy. We will use the Columbia to study water and energy resources, and especially their coupling, in the context of rapid climate change, ecosystem impacts, economics, and public policy.<br><br>We will begin with a week of classroom study and discussion on campus, preparing for the field portion of the seminar. We will then travel to the Columbia basin, spending approximately 10 days visiting a number of water and energy facilities across the watershed, e.g., solar, wind, and natural gas power plants; dams and reservoirs with their powerhouses, fish passage facilities, navigation locks, and flood-mitigation systems; an irrigation project; operation centers; and offices of regulatory agencies. We will meet with relevant policy experts and public officials, along with some of the stakeholders in the basin.<br><br>Over the summer students will be responsible for assigned readings from several sources, including monographs, online materials, and recent news articles. During the trip, students will work in small groups to analyze and assess one aspect of the coupling between water and energy resources in the Northwest. The seminar will culminate in presentations on these analyses.<br><br>Travel expenses during the seminar will be provided (except incidentals) by the Bill Lane Center for the American West and Sophomore College.

Same as: CEE 17SC, EARTHSYS 16SC, POLISCI 14SC

**ENERGY 130. Well Log Analysis I. 3 Units.**

For earth scientists and engineers. Interdisciplinary, providing a practical understanding of the interpretation of well logs. Lectures, problem sets using real field examples: methods for evaluating the presence of hydrocarbons in rock formations penetrated by exploratory and development drilling. The fundamentals of all types of logs, including electric and non-electric logs.

**ENERGY 141. Seismic Reservoir Characterization. 3-4 Units.**

(Same as GP241) Practical methods for quantitative characterization and uncertainty assessment of subsurface reservoir models integrating well-log and seismic data. Multidisciplinary combination of rock-physics, seismic attributes, sedimentological information and spatial statistical modeling techniques. Student teams build reservoir models using limited well data and seismic attributes typically available in practice, comparing alternative approaches. Software provided (SGEMS, Petrel, Matlab). Offered every other year.nRecommended: ERE240/260, or GP222/223, or GP260/262 or GES253/257; ERE246, GP112.

Same as: ENERGY 241, GEOPHYS 241A

**ENERGY 146. Reservoir Characterization and Flow Modeling with Outcrop Data. 3 Units.**

Project addressing a reservoir management problem by studying an outcrop analog, constructing geostatistical reservoir models, and performing flow simulation. How to use outcrop observations in quantitative geological modeling and flow simulation. Relationships between disciplines. Weekend field trip.

Same as: ENERGY 246, GS 246

**ENERGY 153. Carbon Capture and Sequestration. 3-4 Units.**

CO2 separation from syngas and flue gas for gasification and combustion processes. Transportation of CO2 in pipelines and sequestration in deep underground geological formations. Pipeline specifications, monitoring, safety engineering, and costs for long distance transport of CO2. Comparison of options for geological sequestration in oil and gas reservoirs, deep unmineable coal beds, and saline aquifers. Life cycle analysis.

Same as: ENERGY 253

**ENERGY 155. Undergraduate Report on Energy Industry Training. 1-3 Unit.**

On-the-job practical training under the guidance of on-site supervisors. Required report detailing work activities, problems, assignments and key results. Prerequisite: written consent of instructor.

**ENERGY 158. Bringing New Energy Technologies to Market: Optimizing Technology Push and Market Pull. 3 Units.**

This research-based seminar will evaluate the impact of market interventions in commercializing four segments of our energy mix: wind, photovoltaics, lighting, and batteries. To accelerate the development of new technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve national security, governments use policies like direct R&D funding, financial incentives or penalties, mandatory targets or caps, and performance standards to create market conditions that favor emerging technologies. Findings outlining the most effective mix of interventions over time will be submitted for publication.nEnrollment limited to 12 graduate and co-term students. Those interested please email a paragraph to cathyzoi@stanford.edu by September 16, 2013 expressing why you want to take part and research experience you can bring to the seminar.

**ENERGY 160. Modeling Uncertainty in the Earth Sciences. 3 Units.**

Whether Earth Science modeling is performed on a local, regional or global scale, for scientific or engineering purposes, uncertainty is inherently present due to lack of data and lack of understanding of the underlying phenomena. This course highlights the various issues, techniques and practical tools available for modeling uncertainty of complex Earth systems as well as the impact uncertainty has on practical decisions for geo-engineering problems. The course focuses on practical breadth rather than theoretical depth. Topics covered are: the process of building models, sources of uncertainty, probabilistic techniques, spatial data analysis and geostatistics, grid and scale, spatio-temporal uncertainty, visualizing uncertainty in large dimensions, Monte Carlo simulation, sensitivity analysis, reducing uncertainty with data, value of information. Applications to both local (reservoir, aquifer) and global (climate) are covered through literature study. Extensive software use with SGEMS.nnPrerequisites: algebra (CME 104 or equivalent), introductory statistics course (CME 106 or equivalent).

**ENERGY 167. Engineering Valuation and Appraisal of Oil and Gas Wells, Facilities, and Properties. 3 Units.**

Appraisal of development and remedial work on oil and gas wells; appraisal of producing properties; estimation of productive capacity, reserves; operating costs, depletion, and depreciation; value of future profits, taxation, fair market value; original or guided research problems on economic topics with report. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

Same as: ENERGY 267

**ENERGY 171. Energy Infrastructure, Technology and Economics. 3 Units.**

Oil and gas represents more than 50% of global primary energy. In delivering energy at scale, the industry has developed global infrastructure with supporting technology that gives it enormous advantages in energy markets; this course explores how the oil and gas industry operates. From the perspective of these established systems and technologies, we will look at the complexity of energy systems, and will consider how installed infrastructure enables technology development and deployment, impacts energy supply, and how existing infrastructure and capital invested in fossil energy impacts renewable energy development. Prerequisites: ENERGY 101 and 102 or permission of instructor.

Same as: ENERGY 271

**ENERGY 175. Well Test Analysis. 3 Units.**

Lectures, problems. Application of solutions of unsteady flow in porous media to transient pressure analysis of oil, gas, water, and geothermal wells. Pressure buildup analysis and drawdown. Design of well tests. Computer-aided interpretation.

**ENERGY 180. Oil and Gas Production Engineering. 3 Units.**

Design and analysis of production systems for oil and gas reservoirs. Topics: well completion, single-phase and multi-phase flow in wells and gathering systems, artificial lift and field processing, well stimulation, inflow performance. Prerequisite: 120.

Same as: ENERGY 280

**ENERGY 191. Optimization of Energy Systems. 3-4 Units.**

Introductory mathematical programming and optimization using examples from energy industries. Emphasis on problem formulation and solving, secondary coverage of algorithms. Problem topics include optimization of energy investment, production, and transportation; uncertain and intermittent energy resources; energy storage; efficient energy production and conversion. Methods include linear and nonlinear optimization, as well as multi-objective and goal programming. Tools include Microsoft Excel and AMPL mathematical programming language. Prerequisites: MATH 20, 41, or MATH 51, or consent of instructor. Programming experience helpful (e.g,, CS 106A, CS 106B).

Same as: ENERGY 291

**ENERGY 192. Undergraduate Teaching Experience. 1-3 Unit.**

Leading field trips, preparing lecture notes, quizzes under supervision of the instructor. May be repeated for credit.

**ENERGY 193. Undergraduate Research Problems. 1-3 Unit.**

Original and guided research problems with comprehensive report. May be repeated for credit.

**ENERGY 194. Special Topics in Energy and Mineral Fluids. 1-3 Unit.**

May be repeated for credit.

**ENERGY 199. Senior Project and Seminar in Energy Resources. 3-4 Units.**

Individual or group capstone project in Energy Resources Engineering. Emphasis is on report preparation. May be repeated for credit.

**ENERGY 201. Laboratory Measurement of Reservoir Rock Properties. 3 Units.**

In this course, students will learn methods for measuring reservoir rock properties. Techniques covered include core preservation and sample preparation; Rock petrography; Interfacial tension of fluids; Measurement of contact angles of fluids on reservoir media; Capillary pressure measurement and interpretation; Absolute and effective porosities; Absolute permeability; Multiphase flow including relative permeability and residual saturation. The class will be 1 3-hour lecture/lab per week, with readings and weekly assignments. A field trip to a professional core characterization lab may be included.

**ENERGY 202. Petroleum Industry Performance Management. 1 Unit.**

Coming up with the right technical solution is only the beginning ¿ it must be implemented. The art and science of Performance Management. How to guarantee results with Leading and Lagging KPI¿s (Key Performance Indicators). Assessment using the FAIRTM Model (Focus, Accountability, Involvement, Response). Operating RhythmTM: Business Reviews, Boardwalks, One-Pagers, Handover, and Crew Talks. Project management¿s implementation plans, milestones, and clear deliverables. Sustainability. After Action Reviews (AAR¿s). Continuous Improvement (CI). Coaching¿s GROW Model (Goal, Reality, Options, Will). The ABC Model (Antecedent ¿ Behavior ¿ Consequence). Students will solve three Case Studies with these tools; the instructor will present the actual solution ¿ what worked, what didn¿t, and why.

**ENERGY 203. The Energy Transformation Collaborative. 1-2 Unit.**

Solving the global energy challenge will require the creation and successful scale-up of hundreds of new ventures. This project-based course provides a launchpad for the development and creation of transformational energy ventures and innovation models. Interdisciplinary teams will research, analyze, and develop detailed launch plans for high-impact opportunities in the context of the new energy venture development framework offered in this course.

**ENERGY 204. Achieving Universal Energy Access by 2030: Can it be done?. 2-3 Units.**

Today 1.2 billion people have no access to electricity; many more don't have power that is reliable. Activities the developed world counts on for economic growth are severely limited where there isn't reliable electricity. Cost reductions in distributed, renewable energy generation and battery storage technologies are creating opportunities to bring affordable power to communities that have never had it. This course will examine what will need to be in place so that electricity can reach everyone by 2030.

**ENERGY 214. The Global Price of Oil. 1 Unit.**

Understanding the current and future price of oil requires the synthesis of geologic, engineering, financial, geopolitical, and macroeconomic information. In this seminar, we will build a global supply curve for petroleum by studying the marginal and full-cycle production costs for each of the major resource categories. We will study how reserve classification varies globally, and how global petroleum resources and reserves have changed and are likely to change over time. We will further investigate how the time lag between resource discovery, project sanctioning, and full production will affect future supply. Finally, we will study the elasticity of oil demand and how that demand is likely to change over time as the developing world gets richer and as competition from other energy sources increases.

**ENERGY 216. Entrepreneurship in Energy. 2 Units.**

The combined forces of climate change, technological development, and geopolitics are disrupting the energy industry, yet the competitiveness and regulated nature of the mature markets for fuel, power, and materials have created meaningful barriers to entry for startup companies. In this case based course, students will study real energy startups to understand what challenges they have overcome and continue to face. Each week, the course will focus on a different company and the founder or CEO of that company will present. Topics will include advanced battery technologies, photovoltaic manufacturing, solar and wind project development, oil & gas exploration & production, advanced biofuels, electric vehicles, distributed power generation, and financing energy startups.

**ENERGY 217. Research Seminar: Energy Development in the Emerging Economy. 2-3 Units.**

Through this research project, students will dive into and gain firsthand experience on evaluating the efficacy of a portfolio of 34 energy technology start-up projects in emerging economies that encompasses a range of regions, energy sectors, and technologies. Student's will learn from each project's unique experiences, and gather critical data that may help support the success of future similar endeavors. Some questions students will be looking to answer include (1) Was the project able to accomplish its goal(s)? (2) Are there common success factors or similar roadblocks? (3) Is the technology and/or solution still effective and operational?nPrerequisite: submit survey https://precourt.typeform.com/to/NdtU0Z and permission of instructor.

**ENERGY 221. Fundamentals of Multiphase Flow. 3 Units.**

Multiphase flow in porous media. Wettability, capillary pressure, imbibition and drainage, Leverett J-function, transition zone, vertical equilibrium. Relative permeabilities, Darcy's law for multiphase flow, fractional flow equation, effects of gravity, Buckley-Leverett theory, recovery predictions, volumetric linear scaling, JBN and Jones-Rozelle determination of relative permeability. Frontal advance equation, Buckley-Leverett equation as frontal advance solution, tracers in multiphase flow, adsorption, three-phase relative permeabilities.

Same as: ENERGY 121

**ENERGY 222. Advanced Reservoir Engineering. 3 Units.**

Lectures, problems. General flow equations, tensor permeabilities, steady state radial flow, skin, and succession of steady states. Injectivity during fill-up of a depleted reservoir, injectivity for liquid-filled reservoirs. Flow potential and gravity forces, coning. Displacements in layered reservoirs. Transient radial flow equation, primary drainage of a cylindrical reservoir, line source solution, pseudo-steady state. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 221.

**ENERGY 223. Reservoir Simulation. 3-4 Units.**

Fundamentals of petroleum reservoir simulation. Equations for multicomponent, multiphase flow between gridblocks comprising a petroleum reservoir. Relationships between black-oil and compositional models. Techniques for developing black-oil, compositional, thermal, and dual-porosity models. Practical considerations in the use of simulators for predicting reservoir performance. Class project. Prerequisite: 221 and 246, or consent of instructor. Recommended: CME 206.

**ENERGY 224. Advanced Reservoir Simulation. 3 Units.**

Topics include modeling of complex wells, coupling of surface facilities, compositional modeling, dual porosity models, treatment of full tensor permeability and grid nonorthogonality, local grid refinement, higher order methods, streamline simulation, upscaling, algebraic multigrid solvers, unstructured grid solvers, history matching, other selected topics. Prerequisite: 223 or consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit.

**ENERGY 225. Theory of Gas Injection Processes. 3 Units.**

Lectures, problems. Theory of multicomponent, multiphase flow in porous media. Miscible displacement: diffusion and dispersion, convection-dispersion equations and its solutions. Method of characteristic calculations of chromatographic transport of multicomponent mixtures. Development of miscibility and interaction of phase behavior with heterogeneity. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: CME 200.

**ENERGY 226. Thermal Recovery Methods. 3 Units.**

Theory and practice of thermal recovery methods: steam drive, cyclic steam injections, and in situ combustion. Models of combined mass and energy transport. Estimates of heated reservoir volume and oil recovery performance. Wellbore heat losses, recovery production, and field examples.

**ENERGY 227. Enhanced Oil Recovery. 3 Units.**

The physics, theories, and methods of evaluating chemical, miscible, and thermal enhanced oil recovery projects. Existing methods and screening techniques, and analytical and simulation based means of evaluating project effectiveness. Dispersion-convection-adsorption equations, coupled heat, and mass balances and phase behavior provide requisite building blocks for evaluation.

**ENERGY 230. Advanced Topics in Well Logging. 3 Units.**

State of the art tools and analyses; the technology, rock physical basis, and applications of each measurement. Hands-on computer-based analyses illustrate instructional material. Guest speakers on formation evaluation topics. Prerequisites: 130 or equivalent; basic well logging; and standard practice and application of electric well logs.

**ENERGY 240. Geostatistics. 2-3 Units.**

Geostatistical theory and practical methodologies for quantifying and simulating spatial and spatio-temporal patterns for the Earth Sciences. Real case development of models of spatial continuity, including variograms, Boolean models and training images. Estimation versus simulation of spatial patterns. Loss functions. Estimation by kriging, co-kriging with secondary data. Dealing with data on various scales. Unconditional and conditional Boolean simulation, sequential simulation for continuous and categorical variables. Multi-variate geostatistical simulation. Probabilistic and pattern-based approaches to multiple-point simulation. Trend, secondary variable, auxiliary variable and probability-type constraints. Quality control techniques on generated models. Workflows for practical geostatistical applications in mining, petroleum, hydrogeology, remote sensing and environmental sciences. prerequisites: ENERGY 160/260 or basic course in data analysis/statistics.

Same as: GS 240

**ENERGY 241. Seismic Reservoir Characterization. 3-4 Units.**

(Same as GP241) Practical methods for quantitative characterization and uncertainty assessment of subsurface reservoir models integrating well-log and seismic data. Multidisciplinary combination of rock-physics, seismic attributes, sedimentological information and spatial statistical modeling techniques. Student teams build reservoir models using limited well data and seismic attributes typically available in practice, comparing alternative approaches. Software provided (SGEMS, Petrel, Matlab). Offered every other year.nRecommended: ERE240/260, or GP222/223, or GP260/262 or GES253/257; ERE246, GP112.

Same as: ENERGY 141, GEOPHYS 241A

**ENERGY 242. Topics in Advanced Geostatistics. 3-4 Units.**

Conditional expectation theory and projections in Hilbert spaces; parametric versus non-parametric geostatistics; Boolean, Gaussian, fractal, indicator, and annealing approaches to stochastic imaging; multiple point statistics inference and reproduction; neural net geostatistics; Bayesian methods for data integration; techniques for upscaling hydrodynamic properties. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: 240, advanced calculus, C++/Fortran.

Same as: ESS 263

**ENERGY 246. Reservoir Characterization and Flow Modeling with Outcrop Data. 3 Units.**

Project addressing a reservoir management problem by studying an outcrop analog, constructing geostatistical reservoir models, and performing flow simulation. How to use outcrop observations in quantitative geological modeling and flow simulation. Relationships between disciplines. Weekend field trip.

Same as: ENERGY 146, GS 246

**ENERGY 247. Stochastic Simulation. 3 Units.**

Characterization and inference of statistical properties of spatial random function models; how they average over volumes, expected fluctuations, and implementation issues. Models include point processes (Cox, Poisson), random sets (Boolean, truncated Gaussian), and mixture of Gaussian random functions. Prerequisite: 240.

**ENERGY 251. Thermodynamics of Equilibria. 3 Units.**

Lectures, problems. The volumetric behavior of fluids at high pressure. Equation of state representation of volumetric behavior. Thermodynamic functions and conditions of equilibrium, Gibbs and Helmholtz energy, chemical potential, fugacity. Phase diagrams for binary and multicomponent systems. Calculation of phase compositions from volumetric behavior for multicomponent mixtures. Experimental techniques for phase-equilibrium measurements. May be repeated for credit.

**ENERGY 253. Carbon Capture and Sequestration. 3-4 Units.**

CO2 separation from syngas and flue gas for gasification and combustion processes. Transportation of CO2 in pipelines and sequestration in deep underground geological formations. Pipeline specifications, monitoring, safety engineering, and costs for long distance transport of CO2. Comparison of options for geological sequestration in oil and gas reservoirs, deep unmineable coal beds, and saline aquifers. Life cycle analysis.

Same as: ENERGY 153

**ENERGY 255. Master's Report on Energy Industry Training. 1-3 Unit.**

On-the-job training for master's degree students under the guidance of on-site supervisors. Students submit a report detailing work activities, problems, assignments, and key results. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: consent of adviser.

**ENERGY 259. Presentation Skills. 1 Unit.**

For teaching assistants in Energy Resources Engineering. Five two-hour sessions in the first half of the quarter. Awareness of different learning styles, grading philosophies, fair and efficient grading, text design; presentation and teaching skills, PowerPoint slide design; presentation practice in small groups. Taught in collaboration with the Center for Teaching and Learning.

**ENERGY 267. Engineering Valuation and Appraisal of Oil and Gas Wells, Facilities, and Properties. 3 Units.**

Appraisal of development and remedial work on oil and gas wells; appraisal of producing properties; estimation of productive capacity, reserves; operating costs, depletion, and depreciation; value of future profits, taxation, fair market value; original or guided research problems on economic topics with report. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

Same as: ENERGY 167

**ENERGY 269. Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. 3 Units.**

Conceptual models of heat and mass flows within geothermal reservoirs. The fundamentals of fluid/heat flow in porous media; convective/conductive regimes, dispersion of solutes, reactions in porous media, stability of fluid interfaces, liquid and vapor flows. Interpretation of geochemical, geological, and well data to determine reservoir properties/characteristics. Geothermal plants and the integrated geothermal system.

**ENERGY 271. Energy Infrastructure, Technology and Economics. 3 Units.**

Oil and gas represents more than 50% of global primary energy. In delivering energy at scale, the industry has developed global infrastructure with supporting technology that gives it enormous advantages in energy markets; this course explores how the oil and gas industry operates. From the perspective of these established systems and technologies, we will look at the complexity of energy systems, and will consider how installed infrastructure enables technology development and deployment, impacts energy supply, and how existing infrastructure and capital invested in fossil energy impacts renewable energy development. Prerequisites: ENERGY 101 and 102 or permission of instructor.

Same as: ENERGY 171

**ENERGY 273. Special Topics in Energy Resources Engineering. 1-3 Unit.**

.

**ENERGY 274. Complex Analysis for Practical Engineering. 3 Units.**

Complex analysis is closely related to potential theory, appearing in a variety of engineering disciplines, including flow dynamics, electrostatics, heat conduction and gravity fields. This course is devoted to explaining the fundamentals of complex analysis and instructing on how to develop mathematical tools to solve engineering problems in potential theory. Individual topics are lectured with motivating problems, so that students can understand why these subjects need to be covered and how these are applied to practical engineering problems.

**ENERGY 275. Quantitative Methods in Basin and Petroleum System Modeling. 1-3 Unit.**

Examine the physical processes operating in sedimentary basins by deriving the basic equations of fundamental, coupled geologic processes such as fluid flow and heat flow, deposition, compaction, mass conservation, and chemical reactions. Through hands-on computational exercises and instructor-provided "recipes," students will deconstruct the black box of basin modeling software. Students write their own codes (Matlab) as well as gain expertise in modern finite-element modeling software (PetroMod, COMSOL).

Same as: GS 256

**ENERGY 280. Oil and Gas Production Engineering. 3 Units.**

Design and analysis of production systems for oil and gas reservoirs. Topics: well completion, single-phase and multi-phase flow in wells and gathering systems, artificial lift and field processing, well stimulation, inflow performance. Prerequisite: 120.

Same as: ENERGY 180

**ENERGY 281. Applied Mathematics in Reservoir Engineering. 3 Units.**

The philosophy of the solution of engineering problems. Methods of solution of partial differential equations: Laplace transforms, Fourier transforms, wavelet transforms, Green's functions, and boundary element methods. Prerequisites: CME 204 or MATH 131, and consent of instructor.

**ENERGY 282. Chemical Kinetics of Fossil Fuel Creation and Utilization. 1 Unit.**

Chemical kinetics are an integral part of optimizing recovery of fossil fuels. After reviewing the genesis of various kinds of fossil fuels and the history of their use, the course describes the molecular structure of the various types and how that influences their pyrolysis kinetics. Methods for deriving reliable kinetics are covered, including how to determine which phenomenological models are appropriate. Applications discussed are petroleum formation, oil shale retorting, heavy oil upgrading, and coal liquefaction.

**ENERGY 284. Optimization and Inverse Modeling. 3 Units.**

Treatment of deterministic and stochastic optimization, gradient-based optimization, polytopy method, generalized least squares, non-linear least squares and confidence intervals by numerical methods and bootstrap. Adjoint method for gradient calculation. Genetic algorithms and simulated annealing. Development of proxy functions using regression techniques and neural networks. Application of optimization methods to solving non-linear inverse problems. Baysian method, rejection sampling, metropolis sampling, uncertainty quantification. Parameterization of high-dimensional problems through various expansion techniques. Examples of various Earth sciences inverse problems including flow and wave equations.nnRequirements: CME 106 and 200 (or equivalent courses).

**ENERGY 285A. SUPRI-A Research Seminar: Enhanced Oil Recovery. 1 Unit.**

Focused study in research areas within the department. Graduate students may participate in advanced work in areas of particular interest prior to making a final decision on a thesis subject. Current research in the SUPRI-A group. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

**ENERGY 285B. SUPRI-B Research Seminar: Reservoir Simulation. 1 Unit.**

Focused study in research areas within the department. Graduate students may participate in advanced work in areas of particular interest prior to making a final decision on a thesis subject. Current research in SUPRI-B (reservoir simulation) program. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

**ENERGY 285C. SUPRI-C Research Seminar: Gas Injection Processes. 1 Unit.**

Study in research areas within the department. Graduate students may participate in advanced work in areas of particular interest prior to making a final decision on a thesis subject. Current research in the SUPRI-D well test analysis group. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

**ENERGY 285D. SUPRI-D Research Seminar: Well Test Analysis. 1 Unit.**

Study in research areas within the department. Graduate students may participate in advanced work in areas of particular interest prior to making a final decision on a thesis subject. Current research in the SUPRI-D well test analysis group. May be repeaqted for credit. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. (Horne).

**ENERGY 285F. SCRF Research Seminar: Geostatistics and Reservoir Forecasting. 1 Unit.**

Study in research areas within the department. Graduate students may participate in advanced work in areas of particular interest prior to making a final decision on a thesis subject. Current research in the SCRF (Stanford Center for Reservoir Forecasting) program. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

**ENERGY 285G. Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Research Seminar. 1 Unit.**

Study in research areas within the department. Graduate students may participate in advanced work in areas of particular interest prior to making a final decision on a thesis subject. Current research in the geothermal energy group. Presentation required for credit. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

**ENERGY 285S. Smart Fields Research Seminar: Horizontal Well Technology. 1 Unit.**

Study in research areas within the department. Graduate students may participate in advanced work in areas of particular interest prior to making a final decision on a thesis subject. Current research in Smart Fields (productivity and injectivity of horizontal wells) program. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

**ENERGY 290. Numerical Modeling of Fluid Flow in Heterogeneous Porous Media. 3 Units.**

How to mathematically model and solve elliptic partial differential equations with variable and discontinuous coefficients describing flow in highly heterogeneous porous media. Topics include finite difference and finite volume approaches on structured grids, efficient solvers for the resulting system of equations, Krylov space methods, preconditioning, multi-grid solvers, grid adaptivity and adaptivity criteria, multiscale approaches, and effects of anistropy on solver efficiency and accuracy. MATLAB programming and application of commercial or public domain simulation packages. Prerequisite: CME 200, 201, and 202, or equivalents with consent of instructor.

**ENERGY 291. Optimization of Energy Systems. 3-4 Units.**

Introductory mathematical programming and optimization using examples from energy industries. Emphasis on problem formulation and solving, secondary coverage of algorithms. Problem topics include optimization of energy investment, production, and transportation; uncertain and intermittent energy resources; energy storage; efficient energy production and conversion. Methods include linear and nonlinear optimization, as well as multi-objective and goal programming. Tools include Microsoft Excel and AMPL mathematical programming language. Prerequisites: MATH 20, 41, or MATH 51, or consent of instructor. Programming experience helpful (e.g,, CS 106A, CS 106B).

Same as: ENERGY 191

**ENERGY 293A. Solar Cells, Fuel Cells, and Batteries: Materials for the Energy Solution. 3-4 Units.**

Operating principles and applications of emerging technological solutions to the energy demands of the world. The scale of global energy usage and requirements for possible solutions. Basic physics and chemistry of solar cells, fuel cells, and batteries. Performance issues, including economics, from the ideal device to the installed system. The promise of materials research for providing next generation solutions. Undergraduates register in 156 for 4 units; graduates register in 256 for 3 units.

Same as: EE 293A, MATSCI 156, MATSCI 256

**ENERGY 293B. Fundamentals of Energy Processes. 3 Units.**

For seniors and graduate students. Covers scientific and engineering fundamentals of renewable energy processes involving heat. Thermodynamics, heat engines, solar thermal, geothermal, biomass. Recommended: MATH 19-21, or MATH 41,42; PHYSICS 41, 43, 45.

Same as: EE 293B

**ENERGY 293C. Energy from Wind and Water Currents. 3 Units.**

This course focuses on the extraction of energy from wind, waves and tides.nThe emphasis in the course is technical leading to a solid understanding ofnestablished extraction systems and discussion of promising new technologies.nWe will also cover resource planning and production optimization through observations and computer simulations.nThe course includes at least one weekend field trip, and may include experimentsnin wind tunnel and/or flume.nnPrerequisites: CEE176B or EE293B, programming experience, understanding of fluid mechanics, electrical systems, and engineering optimization.

**ENERGY 295. Quantitative environmental assessment of energy systems. 1 Unit.**

Graduate seminar on quantitative environmental assessment of energy technologies. Assessment methods for analyzing multi-device and multi-technology energy systems (e.g., full energy production ¿pathways¿). Methodological coverage includes process-model life cycle assessment (LCA), energy `embodied¿ in materials, energy return on energy invested, and cumulative exergy consumption. Exploration of theoretical modeling of multi-technology systems using matrix formulations. Tools used include MATLAB and openLCA life cycle assessment software. Prerequisites: linear algebra and some programming experience helpful (e.g, CS 106A-B).

**ENERGY 300. Graduate Directed Reading. 1-7 Unit.**

Independent studies under the direction of a faculty member for which academic credit may properly be allowed.

**ENERGY 301. The Energy Seminar. 1 Unit.**

Interdisciplinary exploration of current energy challenges and opportunities, with talks by faculty, visitors, and students. May be repeated for credit.

Same as: CEE 301, MS&E 494

**ENERGY 355. Doctoral Report on Energy Industry Training. 1-3 Unit.**

On-the-job training for doctoral students under the guidance of on-site supervisors. Students submit a report on work activities, problems, assignments, and results. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: consent of adviser.

**ENERGY 359. Teaching Experience in Energy Resources Engineering. 1 Unit.**

For TAs in Energy Resources Engineering. Course and lecture design and preparation; lecturing practice in small groups. Classroom teaching practice in an Energy Resources Engineering course for which the participant is the TA (may be in a later quarter). Taught in collaboration with the Center for Teaching and Learning.

**ENERGY 360. Advanced Research Work in Energy Resources Engineering. 1-10 Unit.**

Graduate-level work in experimental, computational, or theoretical research. Special research not included in graduate degree program. May be repeated for credit.

**ENERGY 361. Master's Degree Research in Energy Resources Engineering. 1-6 Unit.**

Experimental, computational, or theoretical research. Advanced technical report writing. Limited to 6 units total.nn (Staff).

**ENERGY 362. Engineer's Degree Research in Energy Resources Engineering. 1-10 Unit.**

Graduate-level work in experimental, computational, or theoretical research for Engineer students. Advanced technical report writing. Limited to 15 units total, or 9 units total if 6 units of 361 were previously credited.

**ENERGY 363. Doctoral Degree Research in Energy Resources Engineering. 1-10 Unit.**

Graduate-level work in experimental, computational, or theoretical research for Ph.D. students. Advanced technical report writing.

**ENERGY 365. Special Research Topics in Energy Resources Engineering. 1-15 Unit.**

Graduate-level research work not related to report, thesis, or dissertation. May be repeated for credit.

**ENERGY 369. Practical Energy Studies. 1-3 Unit.**

Students work on realistic industrial reservoir engineering problems. Focus is on optimization of production scenarios using secondary or tertiary recovery techniques. When possible, projects are conducted in direct collaboration with industry. May be repeated for credit.

**ENERGY 801. TGR Project. 0 Units.**

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**ENERGY 802. TGR Dissertation. 0 Units.**

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