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EESS (EESS)

Courses

EESS 56Q. Changes in the Coastal Ocean: The View From Monterey and San Francisco Bays. 3 Units.

Preference to sophomores. Recent changes in the California current, using Monterey Bay as an example. Current literature introduces principles of oceanography. Visits from researchers from MBARI, Hopkins, and UCSC. Optional field trip to MBARI and Monterey Bay.
Same as: EARTHSYS 56Q

EESS 106. World Food Economy. 5 Units.

The interrelationships among food, populations, resources, and economic development. The role of agricultural and rural development in achieving economic and social progress in low-income nations. Emphasis is on public sector decision making as it relates to food policy.
Same as: EARTHSYS 106, ECON 106

EESS 146B. Atmosphere, Ocean, and Climate Dynamics: the Ocean Circulation. 3 Units.

Introduction to the physics governing the circulation of the atmosphere and ocean and their control on climate with emphasis on the large-scale ocean circulation. This course will give an overview of the structure and dynamics of the major ocean current systems that contribute to the meridional overturning circulation, the transport of heat, salt, and biogeochemical tracers, and the regulation of climate. Topics include the tropical ocean circulation, the wind-driven gyres and western boundary currents, the thermohaline circulation, the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, water mass formation, atmosphere-ocean coupling, and climate variability. Prerequisites: EESS 146A or EESS 246A, or CEE 164 or CEE 262D, or consent of instructor.
Same as: EARTHSYS 146B, EARTHSYS 246B, EESS 246B, GEOPHYS 146B, GEOPHYS 246B

EESS 148. Introduction to Physical Oceanography. 4 Units.

The dynamic basis of oceanography. Topics: physical environment; conservation equations for salt, heat, and momentum; geostrophic flows; wind-driven flows; the Gulf Stream; equatorial dynamics and ENSO; thermohaline circulation of the deep oceans; and tides. Prerequisite: PHYSICS 41 (formerly 53).
Same as: CEE 164, CEE 262D, EARTHSYS 164

EESS 155. Science of Soils. 3-4 Units.

Physical, chemical, and biological processes within soil systems. Emphasis is on factors governing nutrient availability, plant growth and production, land-resource management, and pollution within soils. How to classify soils and assess nutrient cycling and contaminant fate. Recommended: introductory chemistry and biology.
Same as: EARTHSYS 155

EESS 179S. Seminar: Issues in Environmental Science, Technology and Sustainability. 1-2 Unit.

Invited faculty, researchers and professionals share their insights and perspectives on a broad range of environmental and sustainability issues. Students critique seminar presentations and associated readings.
Same as: CEE 179S, CEE 279S, EARTHSYS 179S

EESS 183. Food Matters: Agriculture in Film. 1 Unit.

Film series presenting historical and contemporary issues dealing with food and agriculture across the globe. Students discuss reactions and thoughts in a round table format. May be repeated for credit.
Same as: EARTHSYS 183, EARTHSYS 283, EESS 283

EESS 217. Climate of the Cenozoic. 3 Units.

For upper-division undergraduate and graduate students. The paleoclimate of the Cenozoic and how climate changes in the past link to the carbon cycle. Topics include long- and short-term records of climate on continents and oceans, evidence for and causes of hyperthermal events, how the Earth's climate has responded in increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Guest speakers, student presentations.

EESS 219. Climate Variability during the Holocene: Understanding what is Natural Climate Change. 3 Units.

Many elements of the debate about attribution of modern climate change to man-made influences hinge on understanding the past history of climate as well as forcing functions such as solar output, volcanism, and "natural" trace gas variability. Interest in Holocene reconstructions of past climate and forcing functions has surged in the last 20 years providing a robust literature set for discussion and analysis. The goal of this class is to provide graduate students with a view of the archives available for Holocene paleoenvironmental analysis, the tracers that are used, and the results thus far. We will also explore the world of data-model comparisons and examine the role that paleorecords play in the IPCC reports. The class will consist of some lectures as well as many class discussions based on assigned readings.

EESS 227. Modern Turbidite Systems as Analogues for Deep-water Petroleum Plays. 3 Units.

This seminar is designed for earth science upperclassmen and graduate students. Marine geophysical and geological techniques will be used to illustrate and understand source-to-sink characteristics of modern turbidite systems. The course will examine a wide variety of small-scale base-of-apron (km) to large-scale (100's of km) sand-rich to mud-rich systems. New research on mass transport deposits, hybrid beds, and turbidite paleoseismology will be presented. Variations in turbidite system architecture, that are dependent upon tectonic setting, sediment supply, climate, sea level change, and contour currents will be discussed. The utility and pitfalls of model-driven approaches are also explored.
Same as: GES 227

EESS 244. Marine Ecosystem Modeling. 3 Units.

This course will provide the practical background necessary to construct and implement a 2-dimensional (space and time) numerical model of a simple marine ecosystem. Instruction on computer programming, model design and parameterization, and model evaluation will be provided. Throughout the 10-week course, each student will develop and refine their own multi-component marine ecosystem model. Instructor consent required.

EESS 249. Marine Stable Isotopes. 3 Units.

This course will provide an introduction to stable isotopes biogeochemistry with emphasis on applications in marine science. We will cover fundamental concepts of nuclear structure and origin of elements and isotopes, and stable isotopic fractionation. We will discuss mass spectrometry techniques, mass independent fractionation, clumped isotopes, mass balance and box models. Applications of these concepts to studies of ocean circulation, marine carbon and nitrogen cycles, primary productivity, and particle scavenging will also be discussed.

EESS 252. Marine Chemistry. 3-4 Units.

Introduction to the interdisciplinary knowledge and skills required to critically evaluate problems in marine chemistry and related disciplines. Physical, chemical, and biological processes that determine the chemical composition of seawater. Air-sea gas exchange, carbonate chemistry, and chemical equilibria, nutrient and trace element cycling, particle reactivity, sediment chemistry, and diagenesis. Examination of chemical tracers of mixing and circulation and feedbacks of ocean processes on atmospheric chemistry and climate. Designed to be taken concurrently with Biological Oceanography (EESS/EARTHSYS 151/251).
Same as: EARTHSYS 152, EARTHSYS 252, EESS 152

EESS 258. Geomicrobiology. 3 Units.

How microorganisms shape the geochemistry of the Earth's crust including oceans, lakes, estuaries, subsurface environments, sediments, soils, mineral deposits, and rocks. Topics include mineral formation and dissolution; biogeochemical cycling of elements (carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and metals); geochemical and mineralogical controls on microbial activity, diversity, and evolution; life in extreme environments; and the application of new techniques to geomicrobial systems. Recommended: introductory chemistry and microbiology such as CEE 274A.
Same as: EARTHSYS 158, EARTHSYS 258, EESS 158

EESS 260. Advanced Statistical Methods for Earth System Analysis. 3 Units.

Introduction for graduate students to important issues in data analysis relevant to earth system studies. Emphasis on methodology, concepts and implementation (in R), rather than formal proofs. Likely topics include the bootstrap, non-parametric methods, regression in the presence of spatial and temporal correlation, extreme value analysis, time-series analysis, high-dimensional regressions and change-point models. Topics subject to change each year. Prerequisites: STATS 110 or equivalent.
Same as: STATS 360

EESS 273. Aquaculture and the Environment: Science, History, and Policy. 3 Units.

Can aquaculture feed billions of people without degrading aquatic ecosystems or adversely impacting local communities? Interdisciplinary focus on aquaculture science and management, international seafood markets, historical case studies (salmon farming in Chile, tuna ranching in the Mediterranean, shrimp farming in Vietnam), current federal/state legislation. Field trip to aquaculture farm and guest lectures. By application only - instructor consent required. Contact gerhart@stanford.edu or dhklinger@stanford.edu prior to first day of class.
Same as: EARTHSYS 173, EARTHSYS 273, EESS 173

EESS 282. Ecological Farm Management. 1 Unit.

A project-based course emphasizing `ways of doing¿ in sustainable agricultural systems based at the new Stanford Educational Farm. Students will work individually and in small groups on farm projects of their choice facilitated and guided by the Educational Farm Director. Potential projects include: orchards, compost systems, pastured poultry, beekeeping, medicinal herbs, mushroom cultivation, native plants, etc.
Same as: EARTHSYS 182

EESS 301. Topics in Environmental Earth System Science. 1 Unit.

Current topics, issues, and research related to interactions that link the oceans, atmosphere, land surfaces and freshwater systems. May be repeated for credit.

EESS 318. Global Land Use Change to 2050. 2-3 Units.

An exploration of the fundamental drivers behind long term shifts in the demand for, and supply of, land for agriculture, forestry and environmental uses over the next four decades. Topics include trends in food and bioenergy demand, crop productivity on existing and potential croplands, water and climate constraints, non-extractive uses such as carbon sequestration, and the role of global trade and public policies. Students will lead discussions of weekly readings and perform simple numerical experiments to explore the role of individual drivers of long run global land use.

EESS 385. Practical Experience in the Geosciences. 1 Unit.

On-the-job training, that may include summer internship, in applied aspects of the geosciences, and technical, organizational, and communication dimensions. Meets USCIS requirements for F-1 curricular practical training. May be repeated for credit.

EESS 398. Current Topics in Ecosystem Modeling. 1-2 Unit.

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EESS 801. TGR Project. 0 Units.

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